The National Electoral Bill is currently under parliamentary review. Once approved, the law will be the foundation for one-person-one-vote (OPOV) national elections scheduled to take place in Somalia in late 2020 and early 2021. The bill consists of 7 chapters and 61 articles and discusses issues of electoral design, management processes, voter registration, candidate eligibility, regulations for election campaigning, voting processes and vote counting, among others. This governance brief critically reviews technical issues of election design contained in the bill, including voter registration, seat allocation, announcement of election results, dispute resolution mechanisms, independence of NIEC, and election observation. It also makes broader comment on the framework for democratic governance in Somalia (election of the President, election of the Upper House, and election delays) and puts forward options for policy consideration.
Sharciga Doorashooyinka Qaranka waxa uu ku jiraa dib-u-eegista baarlamaan. Marka la ansixiyo, sharciga waxaa uu aasaas u noqon doonaa doorashoooyinka qaran ee qof iyo codka ah ee la qorsheynayo in ay ka dhacaan Soomaaliya dhammaadka 2020 iyo horraanta 2021. Sharcigu waxaa uu ka kooban yahay 7 cutub iyo 61 qodob, waxaa uuna ka hadlayaa arrimaha qaabeynta doorashada, hababka maamulka, diiwaangelinta cod bixiyeyaasha, musharaxnimada, ololaha doorashada, hababka cod bixinta, iyo cod tirinta. Faalladaan kooban waxa ay si faahfaahsan qiimeyn ugu sameyneysaa arrimaha farsamo ee qaabeynta doorashada ee ku jira sharciga oo ay ka mid yihiin diiwaan gelinta cod bixiyeyaasha, qoondeynta kuraasta, ku dhawaaqista natiijooyinka doorashada, xallinta murannada, madaxbannaanida Guddiga Madaxa-bannaan ee Doorashooyinka Qaranka iyo kormeerka doorashada. Waxaa ay sidoo kale faalladan falanqeyneysaa qaabdhismeedka maamul dimuqraadi ah ee Soomaaliya ka hanaqaada (doorashada madaxweynaha, doorashada Aqalka Sare iyo dib-u-dhaca doorashada). Waxa ay warbixintu soo jeedineysaa talooyin tixgelin mudan.
Somalia is witnessing the revival of political parties, which vanished from the political landscape about fifty years ago when a coup d’état led by General Mohamed Siyad Barre took power in 1969. The coup prompted the demise of the established liberal multiparty system that had animated the scene since the 1940s and set the tone for the first 9 years of post-independence politics. This liberal experiment was considered highly democratic by some, and corrupt and unscrupulous by others. Read more
Somalia is due to undertake nationwide parliamentary and presidential elections in late 2020 and early 2021 respectively. Despite the enormous political, security and financial challenges, politicians have already started to prepare. Political parties are expected to compete for seats, and the National Independent Electoral Commission has already registered over 20 political parties. Read more
Soomaaliya waxaa la qorsheynayaa in ay ka dhacdo doorasho qaran oo lagu doorto xildhibaannada iyo madaxweynaha federaalka dhamaadka sanadka 2020 iyo horaanta sanadka 2021. Inkastoo ay jiraan caqabado siyaasadeed, kuwo amni iyo kuwo dhaqaale oo aad u badan, haddana siyaasiyiinta ayaa bilwaabey in ay isku diyaariyaan doorashooyinka. Xisbiyo siyaasadeed ayaa la filayaa in ay u tartamaan kuraasta, Gudiga Madaxa Banaan Ee Doorashooyinka Qarankana waxa uu diwaangaliyay in ka badan 20 xisbi siyaasadeed. Read more