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Falanqeyn dib usoo laabashada Ahlu Sunna Wal Jamaaca: arrimaha sahlay, fursadaha la lumiyay iyo xalka

Dhawaan waxa aan daabacnay warbixin iftiimineysa sababaha dib usoo laabashada ASWJ ee Galmudug. Warbixinta waxa qoray Farxaan Isaaq Yusuf oo ah agaasime kuxigeenka Somali Public Agenda.

Podcast-gan Farxaan Isaaq Yuusuf iyo Mahad Waasuge ayaa ku falanqeynaya  nuxurka warbixinta.

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WAREYSI: Maxay Guriceel uga dhigan tahay Galmudug, muxuuse ku jiraa xalka Alhu Sunna Wal Jamaaca?

Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama’a’s resurgence: factors, missed opportunities and the way forward

Galmudug State of Somalia (GSS) became embroiled in a bloody conflict after Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama’a’s (ASWJ) leadership returned to Galmudug in October 2021 under the pretext of attending an annual religious festival in Huurshe. ASWJ had previously been defeated in March 2020, and on their return became engaged in fierce fighting with joint Galmudug and Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) forces in Bohol on 30 September 2021 and in Guri-el on 23 October 2021. Following four days of ferocious armed conflict, which caused significant human and material damage, ASWJ withdrew from Guri-el to Bohol as a result of informal mediation. The group is still in Bohol and its leaders have snubbed efforts and calls by Sheikh Shakir’s sub-clan kinsmen to disband the militia and seek their goals through peaceful means. The group’s return occurred at the same time as Galmudug was nearing the completion of the election of its 8-member Upper House representatives and the start of the House of the People elections. This brief examines the triggers of AWSJ’s resurgence, missed opportunities to forestall conflict with the group, and the significance of Guri-el. It also puts forward policy considerations for the future including the establishment of inclusive Darawish forces, devolution of power, the formation of effective local government, and genuine reconciliation.

Download the full governance brief

Dowlad-goboleedka Galmudug ayaa gashay colaad dhiig ku daatay kadib markii hoggaanka Ahlu Sunna Waljamaaca ay dib ugusoo laabteen Galmudug bishii Oktoobar 2021 iyagoo ka qeyb galayay xus diimeed sanad walba lagu qabto deegaanka Huurshe. ASWJ ayaa horey looga itaal roonaaday bishii Maarso 2020, waxaana markii ay soo laabteen dagaal ba’an kula galeen ciidamada Galmudug iyo kuwa Dowladda Federaalka Soomaaliya deegaaanka Bohol 30-kii Sebteembar 2021 iyo Guriceel 23-kii Oktoobar 2021. Afar maalmood kadib iska horimaad hubeysan oo aad u ba’an, kaasoo geystay khasaare nafeed iyo mid hanti, ASWJ waxa ay ka baxday Guriceel iyagoo aadday Bohol taasoo ka dhalatay dhexdhexaadin. ASWJ ayaa weli ku sugan deegaanka Bohol, waxaana horjoogayaashoodu ay ka biyo diideen dadaallo iyo baaqyo ay beesha Sheekh Shaakir ku dalbadeen in ciidanka la kala diro oo ay hadafkooda ku raadiyaan qaab nabadeed. Soo laabashada ASWJ ayaa kusoo beegantay xilli Galmudug ay ku dhaweyd gabagabeynta doorashada 8-da xubnood ee ku metela Aqalka Sare iyo bilowga doorashada xubnaha Golaha Shacabka. Faalladan waxay falanqeyneysaa sababaha keenay soo laabashada ASWJ, fursadaha la lumiyay ee looga hortagi karay colaadda iyo muhiimadda Guriceel. Waxa kale oo ay faalladan soo jeedineysaa talooyin tixgelin mudan oo ay ka mid yihiin unkidda ciidamo Daraawiish loo dhan yahay, daadajinta awoodda, dhisidda dowlado hoose oo tayo leh, iyo dib-u- heshiisiin dhab ah.

Soo rogo warbixinta oo dhameystiran

Faaqidaadda Toddobaadka: Heshiiska Farmaajo iyo Rooble

Agaasime Kuxigeenka Somali Public Agenda Farxaan Isxaaq Yuusuf ayaa kamid ahaa martida barnaamijka Faaqidaadda Toddobaadka ee VOA Somali oo lagu falanqeeyay heshiiska ay gaareey Madaxweyne Farmaajo iyo Raysal Wasaare Rooble iyo saameynta uu u yeelan karo geeddi-socodka doorashada.

Halkan ka dhageyso barnaamijka oo dhameystiran.

Falanqeyn Hannaanka Federaaleynta Maaliyadda Soomaaliya (Maamul Wanaag Podcast)

Dhawaan waxa aan daabacnay daraasad muddo sanad ah socotay oo lagu baarayay hannanka maaliyadda federaalka Soomaaliya.

Cilmibaaristaas waxa hoggaaminayay  Farxaan Isaaq Yuusuf oo ah Agaasime Kuxigeenka Somali Public Agenda. Farhan iyo Mahad oo warbixinta wada qoray ayaa ka sheekeysanaya nuxurka natiijada kasoo baxday cilmibaarista.

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Galmudug Reconciliation: Processes, Challenges, and Opportunities Ahead

The roads to reconciliation and state formation in Galmudug have been difficult. The federal government – through the Ministry of Interior, Fed- eral Affairs, and Reconciliation – took the lead in establishing a new state for Galmudug in early 2019. It started with a 12-member social reconciliation committee that convened the 11 clans in Galmudug and helped them select the state legislators. The reconciliation of the Huurshe-Heraale conflict was a notable success of these efforts. A controversial presidential election which was boycotted by most of the candidates followed reconciliation at community levels. However, the elected president Qoorqoor led the state in a positive direction by initiating a political reconciliation process. Before his inauguration, he reached agreements with opposition politicians who had been candidates for the presidency, and former Galmudug President Haaf. ASWJ leaders left Dhusamareb after the SNA overpowered their forces. A state cabinet seen by many as being inclusive was appointed, and within a few months Galmudug saw itself playing an important role in national politics by convening conferences between FGS and FMS leaders on the subject of federal elections.

Notwithstanding these promising reconciliation efforts, the state is still fragile and the challenges it faces are numerous. Addressing the root causes of clan conflicts, managing the election of the federal MPs whose constituency is Galmudug, and security sector re- form, among many others, will define Galmudug’s future.

Read the full report here

In partnership with Interpeace.

Youth inclusion and participation in Somali politics: challenges and opportunities

Somalia is a youthful country with a high fertility rate. Approximately 70% of the population is under the age of 30, and more than 60% of the population is under the age of 25. With this huge youth population, young people at working age suffer from the impacts of a high unemployment rate, which is estimated to stand at 60%; one of the highest in the world. Read more