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Lessons from Somalia’s 2021 Upper House Elections

After about three and half months, the election of the Upper House’s 54 members has been completed. However, the electoral process has not been undertaken without flaws. It empowered the presidents of Federal Member States (FMS) to submit a list of candidates for each Senate seat elected in their respective constituencies to the state legislators (and electoral constituency of 46 in the case of Somaliland representatives). For the majority of seats, FMS presidents had complete control over the candidate list and election process, and many candidates were purposefully omitted from the list. Affiliation with a political camp also played a significant role in the outcome of the election. However, women received nearly 26% of votes in the Upper House elections, which was a positive result. This brief examines how the Upper House’s 54 members were elected, as well as the critical lessons that can be learned from this and be applied to the upcoming election of the House of the People’s 275 members.

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Kadib ku dhawaad muddo afar bil iyo bar ah, doorashada 54-ta xubnood ee Aqalka Sare ayaa lasoo dhammeystiray. Hase ahaatee, hannaanka doorashadda kama marneyn cillado. Waxa uu hannanaka doorashada awood siiyay madaxda Dowlad-Goboleedyada, kuwaasoo baarlamaanka gudbinayay liiska musharraxiinta ku tartamayay kursi walba oo Aqalka Sare kamid ah, kadibna ay kala dooranayeen baarlamaannada dolwad- goboleedyada (Soomaaliland booska baarlamanka waxaa ugu jiray 46 xubnood). Inta badan kuraasta, liiska musharraxiinta iyo hannaanka doorashadda waxaa si buuxda gacanta ugu hayay madaxweynayaasha dowlad-goboleedyada, taasoo sababtay musharraxiin badan in si kutalagal ah looga reebay liiska doorashadda. Waxaa sidoo kale kaalin weyn ku lahaa natiijada doorashadda musharraxiinta xiriirka ay la lahaayeen kooxaha siyaasadda isku haya. Sidaas oo ay tahay, haweenka waxa ay heleen ku dhowaad 26% xubnihii la doortay doorashooyinka Aqalka Sare, taasoo ah natiijo togan. Faalladan koban waxa aan ku eegeynaa sida xubnaha Aqalka Sare ee 54-ta ah loo doortay, sidoo kale casharadda muhiimka ah ee laga baran karo doorshadan iyo sida loogu dabaqi karo doorashada soo aaddan ee Golaha Shacabka oo ka kooban 275 xubnood.

Soo rogo warbixinta oo dhameystiran