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The Road Ahead to Somalia’s 2021 Elections: Prospects & Challenges

This is a crucial election year for Somalia as the national parliamentary and presidential elections are scheduled to happen in late 2020 and early 2021. The national electoral law – approved by the two chambers of parliament and signed into law by the president – is currently the basis for the design and implementation of national elections. This governance brief critically analyzes the limitations of the electoral design such as the lack of definition around constituencies, the ambiguity of election to the Upper House, and the clause enabling indeterminate extension. The brief also discusses the operationalization challenges of the elections, such as designating each seat to a geographic location; the election of Somaliland representatives; the women’s quota; the rift between the center and the periphery; and insecurity. It puts forward a number of policy considerations to help address these issues.

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Sanadkan waxa uu muhiim u yahay doorashada Soomaaliya maadaama doorashada baarlamaanka iyo tan madaxweynaha la qorsheeyay inay dhacaan dhammaadka 2020 iyo horraanta 2021. Sharciga doorashooyinka qaran – oo ay dhawaan ansixiyeen labada gole ee baarlamaanka madaxweynahana saxiixay – ayaa hadda aasaas u ah hirgelinta doorashooyinka qaran. Faalladan waxay si kooban u falanqayneysaa iimaha sharciga doorashooyinka sida in aanu qeexeyn deegaan doorashooyinka, mugdiga ku jira doorashada Aqalka Sare, iyo qodobka suuragelinaya in muddo kordhin aan xaddidneyn la sameeyo. Qoraalku waxa uu sidoo kale ka hadlayaa caqabadaha ku hor gudban doorashooyinka, sida u qoondeynta kursi kasta goob cayiman; doorashada wakiilada Soomaaliland; qoondada haweenka; khilaafka u dhexeeya dowladda dhexe iyo maamul goboleedyada; iyo nabadgelyo la’aanta. Waxay warbixinta soo jeedineysaa dhowr talooyin si wax looga qabto arrimahaas.

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Harmonizing the legislative framework for elections in Somalia

For the first time in 50 years, national one person one vote national elections are expected to happen in Somalia. Three interrelated pieces of legislation guide the national elections namely the Provisional Constitution, the National Electoral Bill (NEB) and the Political Parties Law. Each of these three laws has hitherto been under review. The National Electoral Bill and the proposed amendments of the Political Parties Law are under parliamentary review while an independent and parliamentary committee is reviewing the Provisional Constitution. Read more

Review of Somalia’s draft national election bill

The National Electoral Bill is currently under parliamentary review. Once approved, the law will be the foundation for one-person-one-vote (OPOV) national elections scheduled to take place in Somalia in late 2020 and early 2021. The bill consists of 7 chapters and 61 articles and discusses issues of electoral design, management processes, voter registration, candidate eligibility, regulations for election campaigning, voting processes and vote counting, among others. This governance brief critically reviews technical issues of election design contained in the bill, including voter registration, seat allocation, announcement of election results, dispute resolution mechanisms, independence of NIEC, and election observation. It also makes broader comment on the framework for democratic governance in Somalia (election of the President, election of the Upper House, and election delays) and puts forward options for policy consideration.

Download the full governance brief

Sharciga Doorashooyinka Qaranka waxa uu ku jiraa dib-u-eegista baarlamaan. Marka la ansixiyo, sharciga waxaa uu aasaas u noqon doonaa doorashoooyinka qaran ee qof iyo codka ah ee la qorsheynayo in ay ka dhacaan Soomaaliya dhammaadka 2020 iyo horraanta 2021. Sharcigu waxaa uu ka kooban yahay 7 cutub iyo 61 qodob, waxaa uuna ka hadlayaa arrimaha qaabeynta doorashada, hababka maamulka, diiwaangelinta cod bixiyeyaasha, musharaxnimada, ololaha doorashada, hababka cod bixinta, iyo cod tirinta. Faalladaan kooban waxa ay si faahfaahsan qiimeyn ugu sameyneysaa arrimaha farsamo ee qaabeynta doorashada ee ku jira sharciga oo ay ka mid yihiin diiwaan gelinta cod bixiyeyaasha, qoondeynta kuraasta, ku dhawaaqista natiijooyinka doorashada, xallinta murannada, madaxbannaanida Guddiga Madaxa-bannaan ee Doorashooyinka Qaranka iyo kormeerka doorashada. Waxaa ay sidoo kale faalladan falanqeyneysaa qaabdhismeedka maamul dimuqraadi ah ee Soomaaliya ka hanaqaada (doorashada madaxweynaha, doorashada Aqalka Sare iyo dib-u-dhaca doorashada). Waxa ay warbixintu soo jeedineysaa talooyin tixgelin mudan.

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