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Falanqeyn Doorashooyinka Soomaaliya iyo Heshiiska Golaha Wadatashiga Qaran

Podcast-ga waxaa marti ku ah Maxamed Cabdirisaq. Maxamed Cabdirisaaq waa wasiirkii hore ee Arrimaha Dibadda Soomaaliya. Muddo dheer ayuu kasoo shaqeeyay  arrimaha dimoqraadiyeynta Soomaaliya iyo geeska Afrika.

Podcast-gan waxa ay Mahad Waasuge iyo Maxamed Cabdirisaaq ku falanqeynayaan doorashooyinka Soomaaliya iyo heshiiskii uu dhawaan gaaray Golaha Wadatashiga Qaran.

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WAREYSI: Hufnaanta Doorashada Soomaaliya

Agaasimaha Somali Public Agenda Mahad Waasuge ayaa wareysi uu siiyay VOA Somali uga hadlay hufnaanta doorashada iyo waxa iska beddeli karo hannaanka doorashada kadib markii uu Raysal Wasaaraha xilka ka qaaday 7 xubnood oo ka tirsanaa Guddiga Xallinta Khilaafaadka Doorashada.

Wareysiga oo dhameystiran halkan ka dhageyso.

Lessons from Somalia’s 2021 Upper House Elections

After about three and half months, the election of the Upper House’s 54 members has been completed. However, the electoral process has not been undertaken without flaws. It empowered the presidents of Federal Member States (FMS) to submit a list of candidates for each Senate seat elected in their respective constituencies to the state legislators (and electoral constituency of 46 in the case of Somaliland representatives). For the majority of seats, FMS presidents had complete control over the candidate list and election process, and many candidates were purposefully omitted from the list. Affiliation with a political camp also played a significant role in the outcome of the election. However, women received nearly 26% of votes in the Upper House elections, which was a positive result. This brief examines how the Upper House’s 54 members were elected, as well as the critical lessons that can be learned from this and be applied to the upcoming election of the House of the People’s 275 members.

Download the full governance brief

Kadib ku dhawaad muddo afar bil iyo bar ah, doorashada 54-ta xubnood ee Aqalka Sare ayaa lasoo dhammeystiray. Hase ahaatee, hannaanka doorashadda kama marneyn cillado. Waxa uu hannanaka doorashada awood siiyay madaxda Dowlad-Goboleedyada, kuwaasoo baarlamaanka gudbinayay liiska musharraxiinta ku tartamayay kursi walba oo Aqalka Sare kamid ah, kadibna ay kala dooranayeen baarlamaannada dolwad- goboleedyada (Soomaaliland booska baarlamanka waxaa ugu jiray 46 xubnood). Inta badan kuraasta, liiska musharraxiinta iyo hannaanka doorashadda waxaa si buuxda gacanta ugu hayay madaxweynayaasha dowlad-goboleedyada, taasoo sababtay musharraxiin badan in si kutalagal ah looga reebay liiska doorashadda. Waxaa sidoo kale kaalin weyn ku lahaa natiijada doorashadda musharraxiinta xiriirka ay la lahaayeen kooxaha siyaasadda isku haya. Sidaas oo ay tahay, haweenka waxa ay heleen ku dhowaad 26% xubnihii la doortay doorashooyinka Aqalka Sare, taasoo ah natiijo togan. Faalladan koban waxa aan ku eegeynaa sida xubnaha Aqalka Sare ee 54-ta ah loo doortay, sidoo kale casharadda muhiimka ah ee laga baran karo doorshadan iyo sida loogu dabaqi karo doorashada soo aaddan ee Golaha Shacabka oo ka kooban 275 xubnood.

Soo rogo warbixinta oo dhameystiran

Faaqidaadda Toddobaadka: Heshiiska Farmaajo iyo Rooble

Agaasime Kuxigeenka Somali Public Agenda Farxaan Isxaaq Yuusuf ayaa kamid ahaa martida barnaamijka Faaqidaadda Toddobaadka ee VOA Somali oo lagu falanqeeyay heshiiska ay gaareey Madaxweyne Farmaajo iyo Raysal Wasaare Rooble iyo saameynta uu u yeelan karo geeddi-socodka doorashada.

Halkan ka dhageyso barnaamijka oo dhameystiran.

Puntland Democratization: Process, Challenges and Ways Forward

There are opportunities and challenges associated with the Puntland democratization process, and important lessons that can be learnt from this exercise. Some of the key lessons include the inclusion of internally displaced people (IDPs) in the registration drive, the positive role of traditional elders (even when transitioning to full democracy and direct elections), the importance of initiating registration of persons at the Federal Member States level, and the encouraging experience of bottom-up registration of voters in Somalia.

This report proposes recommendations to different actors that, if implemented and considered by the stakeholders in the Puntland democratization process, could go a long way in enhancing and improving the transparency and quality of Puntland’s Local Government’s Elections and the democratization process as a whole. The recommendations include: that the Puntland government maintains its political commitment, which is crucial for the accomplishment of universal suffrage; that TPEC should keep up the momentum and avoid any conflict of interest going forward; that political associations must include women and youth in their organizational structures, and that they should offer alternative leadership and constructive criticism in theircampaigning and selling of their political agenda. Puntland civil society is encouraged to speed up and launch a coordinated awareness exercise in order to bridge the information gap. On the other hand, the study recommends other Federal Member States of Somalia to take the democratization process of Puntland as a benchmark and learn best practices from each other. The international partners should continue the goodwill and technical and financial support they have offered to Puntland’s democratization process.

Download the full report here

Waxaa jira fursado iyo caqabado la xiriira geeddi-socodka dimuqraadiyeynta Puntland, iyo casharro muhiim ah oo laga baran karo howlaha doorashooyinka dowladaha hoose. Casharrada muhiimka ah waxaa kamid ah in dadka gudaha ku barakacay lagu daro diiwaangelinta, doorka wanaagsan ee odayaasha dhaqanka, muhiimadda ay leedahay in laga billaabo diiwaangelinta dadka heerka Dowladaha xubnaha ka ah Dowladda Federaalka, iyo waayo-aragnimada dhiirri-gelinta leh ee diiwaan-gelinta cod-bixiyeyaasha Soomaaliya.

Warbixintani waxay usoo jeedinaysaa talooyin daneeyeyaasha kala duwan, kuwaasoo haddii ay tixgeliyaan, wax weyn ka tari karta sare-u-qaadista iyo hagaajinta daahfurnaanta iyo tayada Doorashooyinka Dowladaha Hoose ee Puntland iyo geedi-socodka dimuqraadiyadda guud ahaan. Talooyinka waxaa kamid ah: in dowladda Puntland ay sii joogteyso ka go’naanshaheeda siyaasadeed, taasoo muhiim u ah dhammaystirka doorashada; in TPEC ay sii waddo dardar- gelinta howlaha doorashada oo ay ka fogaato wax kasta oo carqaladeyn kara shaqada ama muujin kara eex iyo dano gaar ah; in ururrada siyaasadeed ay muhiim tahay inay ku daraan haweenka iyo dhalinyarada qaab-dhismeedkooda urur, iyo inay soo bandhigaan hoggaamin iyo dhaliil wax dhiseysa marka ay ololeynayaan ama iibinayaan ajendayaashooda siyaasadeed. Bulshada rayidka ah ee Puntland waxaa lagu dhiirrigelinayaa in ay dardar geliyaan oo ay billaabaan wacyi-gelin isku-dhafan si loo yareeyo baahida weyn ee loo qabo macluumaadka doorashada. Dhinaca kale, daraasaddu waxay ku talinaysaa Dowladaha kale ee xubnaha ka ah Dowladda Federaalka Soomaaliya inay halbeeg ka dhigtaan hannaanka dimuqraadiyadda Puntland oo ay ka qaataan tijaabooyinka ugu wanaagsan ee lagu guuleystay. Saaxiibada caalamku iyaguna waa inay sii wadaan taageerada farsamo iyo maaliyadeed ee ay ku taageeraan geeddi-socodka dimuqraadiyadda Puntland.

Soo rogo warbixinta oo dhameystiran

DOMESTIC ELECTION OBSERVATION

After the disagreements over the delayed elections were settled, Somalia is to hold indirect parliamentary and presidential elections. The first phase of elections, Upper House elections, is scheduled to take place in late July 2021 while the House of the People and presidential elections will follow respectively.

Consequently, to watch, observe and report on the transparency, probity and integrity of the electoral processes, Creative Associates International through Bringing Unity, Integrity, and Legitimacy to Democracy (BUILD) Program, initiated and advertised National Election Observation Missions bid by civil society organizations in the five Federal Member States and Benadir region.

SPA, reckoning on its extensive writing on Somalia elections, applied for the bid and won it later. As part of its performance obligations, SPA recruits ten (10) qualified observers to be trained and engage in the election observation in the Benadir region during the election phases.

Download the full application requirements

From Agreement to Implementation: The Operationalization of Somalia’s Indirect Election Agreement

On May 27, members of the National Consultative Council (NCC) signed an election agreement in Mogadishu. The agreement, which consists of eight points and a roadmap for the post-election government, addresses the core outstanding issues of the indirect elections. The Prime Minister took the lead of the electoral process after the House of the People rescinded early last month a two- year extension it announced on 12 April and the President handed over the election management and security to him. The agreement includes a way forward for the election implementation teams, the election of Somaliland seats, the management of elections in Gedo, election security, women’s quota, and an election timeline. This brief examines the agreed framework and its limitations. It also analyses the implementation challenges of the agreed indirect election such as budget, security, the composition of electoral delegates, and logistical challenges. It also puts forward a number of recommendations that, if implemented, could enhance the transparency and outcome of Somalia’s approaching indirect elections.

Download the full governance brief

Jahwareerka Doorashada Soomaaliya: Hannaan Doorasho ee Beddeli Kara Heshiiskii 17-kii Sebteembar

Faalladani waxa ay sharraxeysaa xaaladda cakiran ee doorashooyinka Soomaaliya ee xilligan, waxaa ayna soo jeedineysaa hannaan beddel u noqon kara heshiiskii 17-ka Sebteembar (kaasoo hadda u muuqda mid aan shaqeyn karin). Hanaankan ayaa la xiriira muddo kordhin 2 sano ah oo loo sameeynaayo baarlamaanka Soomaaliya iyadoo la dooranaayo guddoomiyeyaal cusub. Hoggaanka cusub ee baarlamaanka ayaa waxa ay qabanqaabin doonaan doorashada Madaxweyne oo ay muddo xileedkiisu 2 sano noqoneyso. Madaxweynaha la dooranaayo waxaa uu dhisayaa dowlad loo dhan yahay. Dowladdan waxaa loo xilsaarayaa in ay abaabusho doorasho toos ah oo ka dhacda Soomaaliya 2 sano kadib, taasoo madaxweynaha ay doorteen Baarlamaanku uusan awood u yeelan doonin in uu noqdo musharrax. Kani waa hab cusub oo yeelan kara gaabis. Sikastaba ha ahaatee, faaladdaan ayaa ku doodeysa in ismariwaaga doorashooyinka ee hadda jira iyo duruufaha siyaasadeed ee aan caadiga ahayn ay u baahan yihiin tixgelinta xulashooyinka noocaan oo kale ah. Read more