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The Road Ahead to Somalia’s 2021 Elections: Prospects & Challenges

This is a crucial election year for Somalia as the national parliamentary and presidential elections are scheduled to happen in late 2020 and early 2021. The national electoral law – approved by the two chambers of parliament and signed into law by the president – is currently the basis for the design and implementation of national elections. This governance brief critically analyzes the limitations of the electoral design such as the lack of definition around constituencies, the ambiguity of election to the Upper House, and the clause enabling indeterminate extension. The brief also discusses the operationalization challenges of the elections, such as designating each seat to a geographic location; the election of Somaliland representatives; the women’s quota; the rift between the center and the periphery; and insecurity. It puts forward a number of policy considerations to help address these issues.

Download the full governance brief

Sanadkan waxa uu muhiim u yahay doorashada Soomaaliya maadaama doorashada baarlamaanka iyo tan madaxweynaha la qorsheeyay inay dhacaan dhammaadka 2020 iyo horraanta 2021. Sharciga doorashooyinka qaran – oo ay dhawaan ansixiyeen labada gole ee baarlamaanka madaxweynahana saxiixay – ayaa hadda aasaas u ah hirgelinta doorashooyinka qaran. Faalladan waxay si kooban u falanqayneysaa iimaha sharciga doorashooyinka sida in aanu qeexeyn deegaan doorashooyinka, mugdiga ku jira doorashada Aqalka Sare, iyo qodobka suuragelinaya in muddo kordhin aan xaddidneyn la sameeyo. Qoraalku waxa uu sidoo kale ka hadlayaa caqabadaha ku hor gudban doorashooyinka, sida u qoondeynta kursi kasta goob cayiman; doorashada wakiilada Soomaaliland; qoondada haweenka; khilaafka u dhexeeya dowladda dhexe iyo maamul goboleedyada; iyo nabadgelyo la’aanta. Waxay warbixinta soo jeedineysaa dhowr talooyin si wax looga qabto arrimahaas.

Soo rogo warbixinta oo dhameystiran

Review of the Proposed First Past The Post Electoral Model for Somalia

Somalia is in search of an electoral model for the scheduled 2020/21 political transition. An ad hoc 15-member parliamentary committee was mandated to review the National Electoral Bill (NEB) approved by the Council of Ministers. It submitted to the parliament a reviewed version of the NEB at a joint meeting by the two chambers of parliament on 27th November 2019. The Committee proposed a ‘First Past the Post System’ as an electoral model for Somalia. After deliberations, the House of the People of the Somali Federal Parliament approved the election bill on 28th December 2019, and the bill will go to the Upper House for review before a final ratification by the President. Read more

Harmonizing the legislative framework for elections in Somalia

For the first time in 50 years, national one person one vote national elections are expected to happen in Somalia. Three interrelated pieces of legislation guide the national elections namely the Provisional Constitution, the National Electoral Bill (NEB) and the Political Parties Law. Each of these three laws has hitherto been under review. The National Electoral Bill and the proposed amendments of the Political Parties Law are under parliamentary review while an independent and parliamentary committee is reviewing the Provisional Constitution. Read more

Is-waafajinta sharciyada la xiriira doorashooyinka Soomaaliya

Markii ugu horreysay muddo 50 sanno kadib ah, doorashooyin qaran oo qof iyo cod ah ayaa la qorsheynayaa in ay ka dhacaan Soomaaliya. Saddex sharci ayaa haga doorashooyinka qaranka kuwaasoo kala ah Dastuurka Kumeelgaarka ah, Hindise-sharciyeedka Doorashooyinka Qaranka, iyo Sharciga Xisbiyada Siyaasadda oo ay dhammaantood dib-u-eegis ku socoto. Hindise-sharciyeedka Doorashooyinka Qaran iyo Sharciga Xisbiyada Siyaasadda ee wax-ka-beddelka lagu sameeyay ayaa ku jira dib-u-eegis baarlamaan, halka guddi madax-bannaan iyo guddi xildhibaanno ah ay dib-u-eegayaan Dastuurka Kumeelgaarka ah. Read more

Somali Public Agenda

Dib-u-yegleelidda nidaamka xisbiyada badan ee Soomaaliya (Somali Public Agenda Podcast)

Lixdii bishii Sebteembar 2016, madaxweynihii hore ee Soomaaliya, Xasan Sheekh Maxamuud ayaa saxiixay xeerkii xisbiyada ee wakhtiga badan la sugayay, kadib markii xubnaha baarlamaanku ansixiyeen

Xeerka xisbiyada (Xeer No. 19 ee 27 Juun 2016) wuxuu ka koobanyahay 38 qodob iyo 4 jadwal. Sharciga ayaa nidaaminaya arrimo badan oo ay kamid yihiin diiwaangelinta kumeelgaarka ah, diiwaangelinta buuxda, is-baheysiga iyo isku biiridda xisbiyo siyaasadeed, dadka loo oggol yahay in ay ku biiran xisbiyada, xaqa iyo mudnaanta xisbiyada siyaasadeed, diiwaan-kala-laabashada xisbiyada, maalgelinta xisbiyada siyaasadeed, maamul-xisaabeedka xisbiyada iyo xallinta khilaafka u dhexeeya xisbiyada.

Tan iyo markii la ansaxiyay sharciga, konton iyo toddobo (57) xisbi siyaasadeed ayuu si kumeelgaar ah u diiwaangeliyey Guddiga Madaxa-bannaan ee Doorashooyinka Qaranka (GMDQ). Xisbiyadu waxay rajeynayaan inay helaan diiwaangelin buuxda kadib marka ay buuxiyaan shuruudaha sharciga ku xusan, si ay uga qeyb galaan doorashooyinka.

Farxaan Isaaq Yuusuf oo mid kamid ah qorayaasha warbixinta uu daabacay Somali Public Agenda iyo Maxamed Irbad ayaa falanqeynaya sharciga xisbiyada siyaasadeed.

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Getting the party started: re-instituting political parties in Somalia

One person one vote elections are scheduled to be held in Somalia in late 2020 and early 2021. The electoral bill, despite being in a parliamentary review process, stipulates that the electoral model will be proportional representation, closed list, in a single constituency where registered voters will vote for political parties. The pivotal political parties’ law is under a pending amendment for the re-institution of long-lost multi-party politics in Somalia. The law, which consists of 38 articles and four schedules revolving around all issues relating to the regulation of modern political parties, was approved and ratified by the 9th Somali parliament and president respectively in 2016. This governance brief critically reviews the relaxed provisional party registration process, highlights the daunting challenges ahead for full party and voter registration hurdles. The brief also proposes alternative multi-party elections and puts forth policy options and recommendations.

Download the full governance brief

Doorasho qof iyo cod ah ayaa la qorsheynayaa in ay ka qabsoonto Soomaaliya dabayaaqada 2020 iyo horraanta 20201. Hindise-sharciyeedka doorashooyinka, inkastoo uu ku jiro dib-u-eegis baarlamaan, wuxuu qeexayaa in qaabka doorashadu noqon doonto metelaadda isku dheellitiran ee liiska xeran, oo ka dhaceysa hal deegaan doorasho oo ay codbixiyeyaasha diiwaangashani u codeyn doonaan xisbiyo siyaasadeed. Xeerka muhiimka ah ee xisbiyada siyaasadda oo ku jira wax-ka-beddel aan weli dhammaan ayaa nidaaminaya sidii dib loogu unki lahaa siyaasaddii ku dhisneyd xisbiyada badan ee wakhti hore meesha ka baxday. Xeerka oo ka kooban 38 qodob iyo afar jadwal oo ka hadlaya arrimaha la xiriira maamulidda xisbiyada siyaasadeed ee casriga ah, waxaa ansixiyay baarlamaankii 9-aad iyo madaxweynihii Soomaaliya ee sanadii 2016. Warbixintan waxay eegeysaa hanaanka dabacsan ee is-diiwaangelinta xisbiyada, waxay ifineysaa caqabadaha adag ee ku-hor-gudban is-diiwaangelinta dhameystiran ee xisbiyada iyo diiwaangelinta codbixiyaha. Warbixinta waxay sidoo kale soo jeedineysa xulashooyin la xiriira doorashooyinka iyo talooyin tixgelin mudan.

Soo rogo warbixinta oo dhameystiran