2020 has been a challenging but productive year for Somali Public Agenda. Despite the disruptions of the Covid-19 pandemic and other problems for Somalia this year, SPA was able to navigate through and managed to publish 16 papers in total, including reports, briefs, and commentaries. Our production was four publications higher than our 12 pieces in 2019. Of the 16 publications, 10 were commentaries, 4 were governance briefs, and 2 were research reports. Read more
The Covid-19 pandemic spread across Somalia and again exposed the fragility of public institutions. There are limited laboratories that can be used to test the Covid-19 samples. The number of samples tested was minimal in number, and the positive, recovered, and death numbers reported likely do not reflect the actual number of people who contracted the virus and the actual deaths from the coronavirus. The national Covid-19 response was understandably minimal, and was/is only limited to Mogadishu, the seats of regional states, and few other major towns. Although some governance measures were employed by the federal government and federal member states, these measures were poorly enforced due to the weak enforcement capacity of public institutions. There have been some financial and in-kind support to Covid-19 response, but transparency and accountability mechanisms relating to how these resources have been used are not clear. The Covid-19 pandemic became one among many pressing priorities for the recovering public sector institutions in Somalia, and one key lesson from the pandemic relates to the need for investment in both governing institutions and the delivery of public services. The pandemic may come to an end, but it could inspire leaders to invest more in increasing access to and quality of public services in Somalia.
Cudurka safmareenka ee Covid-19 wuxuu ku faafay Soomaaliya oo dhan wuxuuna mar kale kashifay jilicsanaanta hay’adaha dowliga ah. Waxaa jira shaybaarro yar oo loo isticmaali karo in lagu baaro cudurka Covid-19. Tirada dadka la baaray ayaa tiro ahaan aad u yaraa, tirada laga helay, iyo tirada dhimashada ee la soo sheegay waxay u egtahay inaysan ka tarjumaynin tirada dhabta ah ee dadka uu ku dhacay fayraska iyo dhimashada dhabta ah ee uu sababay coronavirus. Guddiga heer Qaran ee Covid-19 tamartiisu waxay ahayd mid aad u yar, kaliyana ku eg Muqdisho, caasimadaha dowlad-goboleedyada iyo magaalooyin kale oo waaweyn. Inkastoo dhowr tallaabo oo maamul ay ku dhawaaqeen dowladda dhexe iyo dowladaha xubnaha ka ah federaalka, haddana tallaabooyinkan si liidata ayaa loo dhaqan geliyey sababtoo ah awoodda fulinta ee hay’adaha dowladda ayaa daciif ah. Waxaa jiray xoogaa taageero maaliyadeed iyo mid agab ah oo loogu tala galay la tacalida xaladda Covid-19, balse daahfurnaan badan ma jirin qaabka islaxisaabtankana ma ahayn mid cadaynaya sida wax loo isticmaalay. COVID-19 wuxuu noqday mid kamid ah arrimaha culus ee mudnaanta ay siiyeen hay’adaha dowliga ah ee Soomaaliya. Hal cashar oo muhiim ah oo laga bartay musiibada ayaa la xiriirta baahida loo qabo dhisidda hay’adaha dowliga ah iyo gaarsiinta adeegyada bulshada. Aafada waa lasoo afjari karaa, laakiin waxay ku dhiirigelin kartaa hoggaamiyeyaasha inay maalgeliyaan kordhinta helitaanka iyo tayada adeegyada bulshada ee Soomaaliya.
When Somali Public Agenda was established in early 2018, it had a unique methodology. The approach combined research, public service design, and training on governance and service delivery issues in Somalia.
The three portfolios are interconnected. As can be seen on the website, SPA research focuses on seven thematic areas namely decentralization, public bureaucracy, and local administration; democratization and elections; financial governance; security, justice, and rule of law; urban planning and land administration; employment; and, education system and health services. Read more
On Thursday, 20 August 2020, the president of Somalia, leaders of 3 federal member states (Galmudug, South West, and Hirshabelle), and the governor of Benadir region agreed and signed a new election model dubbed the ‘Electoral Constituency Caucuses’. The agreement was reached after a series of talks held in Dhusamareb, the capital city of Galmudug. At the conclusion of the previous Dhusamareb (2) conference, a joint technical committee from the federal government and federal member states was proposed with the mandate to explore electoral models and present options to the leaders of the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and Federal Member States (FMS) in a third Dhusamareb meeting, which was slated for 15th August. After meetings in Mogadishu and Dhusamareb, the technical committee proposed 3 models, one of which the leaders had to settle on. Read more
Bishii Octobar 2019, webiga Shabelle ayaa ku fatahay degmooyin katirsan Hirshabelle gaar ahaan magaalada Beledweyne. Daadadka oo ka dhashay roobabkii deyrta ee ka da’ay Soomaaliya iyo Ethiopia waxaa magaalada Beledweyne uga barakacay dad lagu qiyaasay 240,000 oo qofood.
Kaalmo bini’aadamnimo oo xooggan ayaa loo fidiyey dadka ay fatahaadda sameysay. Balse dad badan ayaa ka cawday in gargaarka lagu qeybiyey si aan cadaalad ahayn.
Podcast-gan waxa aan ku falanqeyneynaa nuxurka cilmibaaris ay iska kaashadeen Somali Public Agenda iyo Radio Ergo oo ka hadleysa waxa laga baran karo sida loo maareeyay kaalmadii bini’aadamnimo ee 2019 loo fidiyey Beledweyne.
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The findings of the radio discussions reveal that there were a number of things that went wrong in the 2019 flood response. First, there was no reliable data on the number of people displaced by the flooding, and where the locations from and to which they were displaced. This led to the irregular distribution of emergency relief. Second, some local committees and individuals responsible for the distribution of the majority of the emergency relief that people experienced used clan criteria for the selection of beneficiaries, which excluded important segments of the society such as the IDPs, people with disabilities, and women. Third, there was disorganization among the multiple actors who were distributing aid. As a result, some families and individuals received food and cash several times while others did not receive any relief. Fourth, there was a lack of awareness among both local people and volunteer responders of the physical risks presented by the flooded terrain. As a result, some people died in the water. Finally, there were no institutions or mechanisms formed before the flooding to handle the response. This led to disorganized multiple actors distributing aid based on the criteria they set themselves or directed by the groups that sent the assistance.
2020 iyo 2021 sanado doorasho ayay u yihiin Soomaaliya. Muddo xileedka xubnaha labada gole ee baarlamaanka (Golaha Shacabka iyo Aqalka Sare) wuxuu ku egyahay dhammaadka bisha Diseembar 2020; waxaa la caleemasaaray 27-kii Diseembar 2016. Muddo xileedka Madaxweynaha wuxuu sidoo kale dhammaanayaa horraanta Febraayo 2021.
Sharciga doorashooyinka waxa ku jira faafaahinta ugu muhiimsan ee doorashooyinka la filayo in ay qabsoomaan. Golaha Shababka ee baarlamaanka ayaa ansaxiyay sharciga 28-ka Diseembar 2019. Aqalka Sare ayaa sidoo kale ansixiyey 8-dii Febraayo 2020, madaxweynaha ayaana saxiixay sharciga 20-kii Febraayo ee sannadkan.
Si ka duwan hababkii hore ee doorashooyinka Soomaaliya, sharciga doorashooyinka, oo ka kooban 7 cutub iyo 58 qodob, ayaa hadda ah dukumiintiga hagaya doorashooyinka qaran ee Soomaaliya.
Podcast-gan waxa aan kusoo koobeynaa nuxurka warbixinta tubta doorashooyinka Soomaaliya ee 2021.
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Wareysi uu agaasimaha Somali Public Agenda Mahad Waasuge siiyay banaamijka Doorasho ee Idaacadda Himilo uu uga hadlay tubta doorashooyinka Soomaaliya ee 2021.