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Examining the impact of COVID-19 on higher education in Mogadishu

Soon after the first few cases of COVID-19 were confirmed in Somalia, schools and higher education institutions were forced to close down their campuses in a bid to reduce infections. Universities explored online teaching as an alternative approach to continue teaching and learning. This governance brief explores how COVID-19 impacted the higher education sector in Mogadishu. The brief puts special emphasis on universities’ shift to online instruction; how the teaching of arts, social science as well as science, technology, engineering, and maths (STEM) disciplines are affected; issues around digital divides; financial hardships of universities; online teaching challenges; and exams integrity. The paper concludes with policy considerations including universities to invest in Edtech; observe exam integrity; and to look for other sources to reduce dependence on students’ tuition fees and maintain operations.

Download the full governance brief

Kadib markii kiisaskii ugu horreeyay ee COVID-19 laga xaqiijiyey Soomaaliya, iskuullada iyo jaamacadaha waxaa lagu qasbay in ay xiraan xarumahooda si loo yareeyo faafidda fayraska. Jaamacaduhu waxay sahminayeen waxbarista internet-ka si aanay u joogsan waxbarashada. Faalladan waxay baareysaa sida uu COVID-19 u saameeyay jaamacadaha Muqdisho. Warbixintu waxa ay si gaar ah xoogga u saareyaa u weecashada jaamacadaha ee waxbarista internet- ka; sida culuumta arts-ka, cilmiga bulshada iyo seyniska, tiknooloojiyadda, injineeriyada, iyo xisaabtu u saameeyay COVID-19; arrimaha ku saabsan u sinnaan la’aanta isticmaalka tiknooloojiyadda; dhibaatooyinka maaliyadeed ee jaamacadaha; iyo caqabadaha waxbarista internet-ka; iyo hufnaanta imtixaannada. Faalladu waxa ay ku talineysaa in jaamacaduhu maalgashadaan tiknooloojiyadda; ilaalinta hufnaanta imtixaanka; iyo in la raadiyo ilo dhaqaale kale si loo yareeyo ku tiirsanaanta jaamacadaha ee lacagaha ardeyda laga qaado.

Soo rogo warbixinta oo dhameystiran

Sida uu takoorku caqabad ugu yahay la-dagaallanka Coronovirus ee Soomaaliya

16-kii Maarso 2020, Wasaaradda Caafimaadka ee Soomaaliya ayaa xaqiijisay kiiskii ugu horreeyay ee COVID-19 ee Soomaaliya laga helay. Iyadoo laga jawaabayo, lagana hortagayo faafitaanka fayraska, waxa ay dowladda soo rogtay xannibaado ay kamid yihiin joojinta duullimaadyada gudaha iyo kuwa caalamiga ah, xeritaanka iskuullada, jaamacadaha iyo Madarasadaha Qur’aanka, waxayna ugu dambeyn soo rogtay bandoow habeenkii ah oo dhaqan galkiisu bilowday 15-ka Abriil. Inkastoo talaabooyinkan la qaaday, haddana fayrasku wuxuu ku fiday Muqdisho. Qofkii ugu horreeyay ee u dhinta Coronavirus 8-dii Abriil wuxuu ahaa muwaadin Soomaaliyeed oo aan horey safar u galin, tasoo si cad u muujineysa in uu bulshada cudurku ku faafay. Fayrasku wuxuu ugu faafayaa Muqdisho iyo qeybaha kale ee dalka si xawli ah, mana jiro awood dowladeed oo lagu raadiyo xiriirrada ay sameeyeen dadka cudurka ku dhacay iyo dadkii ay la macaamileen. Read more

Wareysi: Doorashooyinka Soomaaliya

Wareysi uu agaasimaha Somali Public Agenda Mahad Waasuge siiyay banaamijka Doorasho ee Idaacadda Himilo uu uga hadlay tubta doorashooyinka Soomaaliya ee 2021.

The Road Ahead to Somalia’s 2021 Elections: Prospects & Challenges

This is a crucial election year for Somalia as the national parliamentary and presidential elections are scheduled to happen in late 2020 and early 2021. The national electoral law – approved by the two chambers of parliament and signed into law by the president – is currently the basis for the design and implementation of national elections. This governance brief critically analyzes the limitations of the electoral design such as the lack of definition around constituencies, the ambiguity of election to the Upper House, and the clause enabling indeterminate extension. The brief also discusses the operationalization challenges of the elections, such as designating each seat to a geographic location; the election of Somaliland representatives; the women’s quota; the rift between the center and the periphery; and insecurity. It puts forward a number of policy considerations to help address these issues.

Download the full governance brief

Sanadkan waxa uu muhiim u yahay doorashada Soomaaliya maadaama doorashada baarlamaanka iyo tan madaxweynaha la qorsheeyay inay dhacaan dhammaadka 2020 iyo horraanta 2021. Sharciga doorashooyinka qaran – oo ay dhawaan ansixiyeen labada gole ee baarlamaanka madaxweynahana saxiixay – ayaa hadda aasaas u ah hirgelinta doorashooyinka qaran. Faalladan waxay si kooban u falanqayneysaa iimaha sharciga doorashooyinka sida in aanu qeexeyn deegaan doorashooyinka, mugdiga ku jira doorashada Aqalka Sare, iyo qodobka suuragelinaya in muddo kordhin aan xaddidneyn la sameeyo. Qoraalku waxa uu sidoo kale ka hadlayaa caqabadaha ku hor gudban doorashooyinka, sida u qoondeynta kursi kasta goob cayiman; doorashada wakiilada Soomaaliland; qoondada haweenka; khilaafka u dhexeeya dowladda dhexe iyo maamul goboleedyada; iyo nabadgelyo la’aanta. Waxay warbixinta soo jeedineysaa dhowr talooyin si wax looga qabto arrimahaas.

Soo rogo warbixinta oo dhameystiran

Review of the Proposed First Past The Post Electoral Model for Somalia

Somalia is in search of an electoral model for the scheduled 2020/21 political transition. An ad hoc 15-member parliamentary committee was mandated to review the National Electoral Bill (NEB) approved by the Council of Ministers. It submitted to the parliament a reviewed version of the NEB at a joint meeting by the two chambers of parliament on 27th November 2019. The Committee proposed a ‘First Past the Post System’ as an electoral model for Somalia. After deliberations, the House of the People of the Somali Federal Parliament approved the election bill on 28th December 2019, and the bill will go to the Upper House for review before a final ratification by the President. Read more

Harmonizing the legislative framework for elections in Somalia

For the first time in 50 years, national one person one vote national elections are expected to happen in Somalia. Three interrelated pieces of legislation guide the national elections namely the Provisional Constitution, the National Electoral Bill (NEB) and the Political Parties Law. Each of these three laws has hitherto been under review. The National Electoral Bill and the proposed amendments of the Political Parties Law are under parliamentary review while an independent and parliamentary committee is reviewing the Provisional Constitution. Read more

Is-waafajinta sharciyada la xiriira doorashooyinka Soomaaliya

Markii ugu horreysay muddo 50 sanno kadib ah, doorashooyin qaran oo qof iyo cod ah ayaa la qorsheynayaa in ay ka dhacaan Soomaaliya. Saddex sharci ayaa haga doorashooyinka qaranka kuwaasoo kala ah Dastuurka Kumeelgaarka ah, Hindise-sharciyeedka Doorashooyinka Qaranka, iyo Sharciga Xisbiyada Siyaasadda oo ay dhammaantood dib-u-eegis ku socoto. Hindise-sharciyeedka Doorashooyinka Qaran iyo Sharciga Xisbiyada Siyaasadda ee wax-ka-beddelka lagu sameeyay ayaa ku jira dib-u-eegis baarlamaan, halka guddi madax-bannaan iyo guddi xildhibaanno ah ay dib-u-eegayaan Dastuurka Kumeelgaarka ah. Read more

Somali Public Agenda

Dib-u-yegleelidda nidaamka xisbiyada badan ee Soomaaliya (Somali Public Agenda Podcast)

Lixdii bishii Sebteembar 2016, madaxweynihii hore ee Soomaaliya, Xasan Sheekh Maxamuud ayaa saxiixay xeerkii xisbiyada ee wakhtiga badan la sugayay, kadib markii xubnaha baarlamaanku ansixiyeen

Xeerka xisbiyada (Xeer No. 19 ee 27 Juun 2016) wuxuu ka koobanyahay 38 qodob iyo 4 jadwal. Sharciga ayaa nidaaminaya arrimo badan oo ay kamid yihiin diiwaangelinta kumeelgaarka ah, diiwaangelinta buuxda, is-baheysiga iyo isku biiridda xisbiyo siyaasadeed, dadka loo oggol yahay in ay ku biiran xisbiyada, xaqa iyo mudnaanta xisbiyada siyaasadeed, diiwaan-kala-laabashada xisbiyada, maalgelinta xisbiyada siyaasadeed, maamul-xisaabeedka xisbiyada iyo xallinta khilaafka u dhexeeya xisbiyada.

Tan iyo markii la ansaxiyay sharciga, konton iyo toddobo (57) xisbi siyaasadeed ayuu si kumeelgaar ah u diiwaangeliyey Guddiga Madaxa-bannaan ee Doorashooyinka Qaranka (GMDQ). Xisbiyadu waxay rajeynayaan inay helaan diiwaangelin buuxda kadib marka ay buuxiyaan shuruudaha sharciga ku xusan, si ay uga qeyb galaan doorashooyinka.

Farxaan Isaaq Yuusuf oo mid kamid ah qorayaasha warbixinta uu daabacay Somali Public Agenda iyo Maxamed Irbad ayaa falanqeynaya sharciga xisbiyada siyaasadeed.

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Land prices in Mogadishu and its impact on the urban poor and IDPs

Mogadishu is the capital city of Somalia and has the second highest urban population density of any city in the world with over 2 million people. Land, housing and property prices in Mogadishu are the highest in Somalia. The geographic location, security, investment, road infrastructure and availability of basic facilities and services determine the price of land in the city. Commercial banks, landlords, brokers, and IDPs also contribute and have different roles in the increase of land and property value. The government role is limited, and the upsurge of land prices drives (and is driven by) gentrification. Poorer communities can no longer afford to live in areas that have been gentrified and evictions of IDPs has intensified. This governance brief discusses the causes and contributors to the rise of land prices in Mogadishu and its impact on the vulnerable communities. The brief concludes with policy recommendations.

Download the full governance brief

Muqdisho waa caasimadda dalka Soomaaliya, waana magaalada labaad ee ugu cufnaanta badan magaalooyinka caalamka, iyadoo ay ku nool yihiin dad ka badan labo malyan. Qiimaha dhulka ku yaalla Muqdisho waa kan ugu qaalisan Soomaaliya. Goobta uu ku yaallo, amniga, maalgashiga, dhismaha jidadka iyo helitaanka adeegyada aasaasiga ah ayaa go’aamiya qiimaha dhulka ku yaalla magaalada. Bangiyo ganacsi, milkileyaasha guriyaha, dallaallada, iyo barakacayaasha ayaa sidoo kale ka qeyb qaata, kaalin kala duwanna ku leh, sare-u-kaca qiimaha dhulka. Kaalinta dowladda ayaa xaddidan, sare-u-kaca qiimaha dhulkana waxaa ka dhashay barabixin. Qoysaska saboolka ah awood uma laha in ay ku noolaadaan goobaha qiimaha guryaha ku yaalla qaaliyoobeen, guri ka saaridda dadka barakacayaasha ahna way sii korortey. Faalladaan kooban waxaa ay ka hadleysaa sababaha iyo waxyaabaha ka qeyb qaatey sare-u- kaca qiimaha dhulka Muqdisho iyo saameysta uu ku leedahay dadka nugul. Faalladu waxaa ay kusoo gunaanadeysaa talooyin tixgelin mudan.