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Evaluating the Governance of the Covid-19 Response in Somalia: A Call for Inclusive and Transparent Decision-making

The Covid-19 pandemic spread across Somalia and again exposed the fragility of public institutions. There are limited laboratories that can be used to test the Covid-19 samples. The number of samples tested was minimal in number, and the positive, recovered, and death numbers reported likely do not reflect the actual number of people who contracted the virus and the actual deaths from the coronavirus. The national Covid-19 response was understandably minimal, and was/is only limited to Mogadishu, the seats of regional states, and few other major towns. Although some governance measures were employed by the federal government and federal member states, these measures were poorly enforced due to the weak enforcement capacity of public institutions. There have been some financial and in-kind support to Covid-19 response, but transparency and accountability mechanisms relating to how these resources have been used are not clear. The Covid-19 pandemic became one among many pressing priorities for the recovering public sector institutions in Somalia, and one key lesson from the pandemic relates to the need for investment in both governing institutions and the delivery of public services. The pandemic may come to an end, but it could inspire leaders to invest more in increasing access to and quality of public services in Somalia.

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Cudurka safmareenka ee Covid-19 wuxuu ku faafay Soomaaliya oo dhan wuxuuna mar kale kashifay jilicsanaanta hay’adaha dowliga ah. Waxaa jira shaybaarro yar oo loo isticmaali karo in lagu baaro cudurka Covid-19. Tirada dadka la baaray ayaa tiro ahaan aad u yaraa, tirada laga helay, iyo tirada dhimashada ee la soo sheegay waxay u egtahay inaysan ka tarjumaynin tirada dhabta ah ee dadka uu ku dhacay fayraska iyo dhimashada dhabta ah ee uu sababay coronavirus. Guddiga heer Qaran ee Covid-19 tamartiisu waxay ahayd mid aad u yar,  kaliyana ku eg Muqdisho, caasimadaha dowlad-goboleedyada iyo magaalooyin kale oo waaweyn. Inkastoo dhowr tallaabo oo maamul ay ku dhawaaqeen dowladda dhexe iyo dowladaha xubnaha ka ah federaalka, haddana tallaabooyinkan si liidata ayaa loo dhaqan geliyey sababtoo ah awoodda fulinta ee hay’adaha dowladda ayaa daciif ah. Waxaa jiray xoogaa taageero maaliyadeed iyo mid agab ah oo loogu tala galay la tacalida xaladda Covid-19, balse daahfurnaan badan ma jirin qaabka islaxisaabtankana ma ahayn mid cadaynaya sida wax loo isticmaalay. COVID-19  wuxuu noqday mid kamid ah arrimaha culus ee mudnaanta ay siiyeen hay’adaha dowliga ah ee Soomaaliya. Hal cashar oo muhiim ah oo laga bartay musiibada ayaa la xiriirta baahida loo qabo dhisidda hay’adaha dowliga ah iyo gaarsiinta adeegyada bulshada. Aafada waa lasoo afjari karaa, laakiin waxay ku dhiirigelin kartaa hoggaamiyeyaasha inay maalgeliyaan kordhinta helitaanka iyo tayada adeegyada bulshada ee Soomaaliya.

Soo rogo warbixinta oo dhameystiran

 

Between direct election and 2016 indirect election for Somalia: A middle ground electoral model

Somalia’s federal and state leaders are currently in Dhusamareb discussing the upcoming 2020-21 federal elections. Dubbed Dhusamareb II, the President and Prime Minister of the Federal Government and presidents of Puntland, Jubaland, South West, Galmudug and Hirshabelle have held closed-door meetings on modalities of the election for a number of days. The Benadir governor is not attending the meeting. There are many delegates accompanying the federal and state leaders, but the deliberation is exclusive to the seven leaders. Read more

Examining the impact of COVID-19 on higher education in Mogadishu

Soon after the first few cases of COVID-19 were confirmed in Somalia, schools and higher education institutions were forced to close down their campuses in a bid to reduce infections. Universities explored online teaching as an alternative approach to continue teaching and learning. This governance brief explores how COVID-19 impacted the higher education sector in Mogadishu. The brief puts special emphasis on universities’ shift to online instruction; how the teaching of arts, social science as well as science, technology, engineering, and maths (STEM) disciplines are affected; issues around digital divides; financial hardships of universities; online teaching challenges; and exams integrity. The paper concludes with policy considerations including universities to invest in Edtech; observe exam integrity; and to look for other sources to reduce dependence on students’ tuition fees and maintain operations.

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Kadib markii kiisaskii ugu horreeyay ee COVID-19 laga xaqiijiyey Soomaaliya, iskuullada iyo jaamacadaha waxaa lagu qasbay in ay xiraan xarumahooda si loo yareeyo faafidda fayraska. Jaamacaduhu waxay sahminayeen waxbarista internet-ka si aanay u joogsan waxbarashada. Faalladan waxay baareysaa sida uu COVID-19 u saameeyay jaamacadaha Muqdisho. Warbixintu waxa ay si gaar ah xoogga u saareyaa u weecashada jaamacadaha ee waxbarista internet- ka; sida culuumta arts-ka, cilmiga bulshada iyo seyniska, tiknooloojiyadda, injineeriyada, iyo xisaabtu u saameeyay COVID-19; arrimaha ku saabsan u sinnaan la’aanta isticmaalka tiknooloojiyadda; dhibaatooyinka maaliyadeed ee jaamacadaha; iyo caqabadaha waxbarista internet-ka; iyo hufnaanta imtixaannada. Faalladu waxa ay ku talineysaa in jaamacaduhu maalgashadaan tiknooloojiyadda; ilaalinta hufnaanta imtixaanka; iyo in la raadiyo ilo dhaqaale kale si loo yareeyo ku tiirsanaanta jaamacadaha ee lacagaha ardeyda laga qaado.

Soo rogo warbixinta oo dhameystiran

Sida uu takoorku caqabad ugu yahay la-dagaallanka Coronovirus ee Soomaaliya

16-kii Maarso 2020, Wasaaradda Caafimaadka ee Soomaaliya ayaa xaqiijisay kiiskii ugu horreeyay ee COVID-19 ee Soomaaliya laga helay. Iyadoo laga jawaabayo, lagana hortagayo faafitaanka fayraska, waxa ay dowladda soo rogtay xannibaado ay kamid yihiin joojinta duullimaadyada gudaha iyo kuwa caalamiga ah, xeritaanka iskuullada, jaamacadaha iyo Madarasadaha Qur’aanka, waxayna ugu dambeyn soo rogtay bandoow habeenkii ah oo dhaqan galkiisu bilowday 15-ka Abriil. Inkastoo talaabooyinkan la qaaday, haddana fayrasku wuxuu ku fiday Muqdisho. Qofkii ugu horreeyay ee u dhinta Coronavirus 8-dii Abriil wuxuu ahaa muwaadin Soomaaliyeed oo aan horey safar u galin, tasoo si cad u muujineysa in uu bulshada cudurku ku faafay. Fayrasku wuxuu ugu faafayaa Muqdisho iyo qeybaha kale ee dalka si xawli ah, mana jiro awood dowladeed oo lagu raadiyo xiriirrada ay sameeyeen dadka cudurka ku dhacay iyo dadkii ay la macaamileen. Read more

Wareysi: Doorashooyinka Soomaaliya

Wareysi uu agaasimaha Somali Public Agenda Mahad Waasuge siiyay banaamijka Doorasho ee Idaacadda Himilo uu uga hadlay tubta doorashooyinka Soomaaliya ee 2021.

The Road Ahead to Somalia’s 2021 Elections: Prospects & Challenges

This is a crucial election year for Somalia as the national parliamentary and presidential elections are scheduled to happen in late 2020 and early 2021. The national electoral law – approved by the two chambers of parliament and signed into law by the president – is currently the basis for the design and implementation of national elections. This governance brief critically analyzes the limitations of the electoral design such as the lack of definition around constituencies, the ambiguity of election to the Upper House, and the clause enabling indeterminate extension. The brief also discusses the operationalization challenges of the elections, such as designating each seat to a geographic location; the election of Somaliland representatives; the women’s quota; the rift between the center and the periphery; and insecurity. It puts forward a number of policy considerations to help address these issues.

Download the full governance brief

Sanadkan waxa uu muhiim u yahay doorashada Soomaaliya maadaama doorashada baarlamaanka iyo tan madaxweynaha la qorsheeyay inay dhacaan dhammaadka 2020 iyo horraanta 2021. Sharciga doorashooyinka qaran – oo ay dhawaan ansixiyeen labada gole ee baarlamaanka madaxweynahana saxiixay – ayaa hadda aasaas u ah hirgelinta doorashooyinka qaran. Faalladan waxay si kooban u falanqayneysaa iimaha sharciga doorashooyinka sida in aanu qeexeyn deegaan doorashooyinka, mugdiga ku jira doorashada Aqalka Sare, iyo qodobka suuragelinaya in muddo kordhin aan xaddidneyn la sameeyo. Qoraalku waxa uu sidoo kale ka hadlayaa caqabadaha ku hor gudban doorashooyinka, sida u qoondeynta kursi kasta goob cayiman; doorashada wakiilada Soomaaliland; qoondada haweenka; khilaafka u dhexeeya dowladda dhexe iyo maamul goboleedyada; iyo nabadgelyo la’aanta. Waxay warbixinta soo jeedineysaa dhowr talooyin si wax looga qabto arrimahaas.

Soo rogo warbixinta oo dhameystiran

Review of the Proposed First Past The Post Electoral Model for Somalia

Somalia is in search of an electoral model for the scheduled 2020/21 political transition. An ad hoc 15-member parliamentary committee was mandated to review the National Electoral Bill (NEB) approved by the Council of Ministers. It submitted to the parliament a reviewed version of the NEB at a joint meeting by the two chambers of parliament on 27th November 2019. The Committee proposed a ‘First Past the Post System’ as an electoral model for Somalia. After deliberations, the House of the People of the Somali Federal Parliament approved the election bill on 28th December 2019, and the bill will go to the Upper House for review before a final ratification by the President. Read more

Harmonizing the legislative framework for elections in Somalia

For the first time in 50 years, national one person one vote national elections are expected to happen in Somalia. Three interrelated pieces of legislation guide the national elections namely the Provisional Constitution, the National Electoral Bill (NEB) and the Political Parties Law. Each of these three laws has hitherto been under review. The National Electoral Bill and the proposed amendments of the Political Parties Law are under parliamentary review while an independent and parliamentary committee is reviewing the Provisional Constitution. Read more

Is-waafajinta sharciyada la xiriira doorashooyinka Soomaaliya

Markii ugu horreysay muddo 50 sanno kadib ah, doorashooyin qaran oo qof iyo cod ah ayaa la qorsheynayaa in ay ka dhacaan Soomaaliya. Saddex sharci ayaa haga doorashooyinka qaranka kuwaasoo kala ah Dastuurka Kumeelgaarka ah, Hindise-sharciyeedka Doorashooyinka Qaranka, iyo Sharciga Xisbiyada Siyaasadda oo ay dhammaantood dib-u-eegis ku socoto. Hindise-sharciyeedka Doorashooyinka Qaran iyo Sharciga Xisbiyada Siyaasadda ee wax-ka-beddelka lagu sameeyay ayaa ku jira dib-u-eegis baarlamaan, halka guddi madax-bannaan iyo guddi xildhibaanno ah ay dib-u-eegayaan Dastuurka Kumeelgaarka ah. Read more

Somali Public Agenda

Dib-u-yegleelidda nidaamka xisbiyada badan ee Soomaaliya (Somali Public Agenda Podcast)

Lixdii bishii Sebteembar 2016, madaxweynihii hore ee Soomaaliya, Xasan Sheekh Maxamuud ayaa saxiixay xeerkii xisbiyada ee wakhtiga badan la sugayay, kadib markii xubnaha baarlamaanku ansixiyeen

Xeerka xisbiyada (Xeer No. 19 ee 27 Juun 2016) wuxuu ka koobanyahay 38 qodob iyo 4 jadwal. Sharciga ayaa nidaaminaya arrimo badan oo ay kamid yihiin diiwaangelinta kumeelgaarka ah, diiwaangelinta buuxda, is-baheysiga iyo isku biiridda xisbiyo siyaasadeed, dadka loo oggol yahay in ay ku biiran xisbiyada, xaqa iyo mudnaanta xisbiyada siyaasadeed, diiwaan-kala-laabashada xisbiyada, maalgelinta xisbiyada siyaasadeed, maamul-xisaabeedka xisbiyada iyo xallinta khilaafka u dhexeeya xisbiyada.

Tan iyo markii la ansaxiyay sharciga, konton iyo toddobo (57) xisbi siyaasadeed ayuu si kumeelgaar ah u diiwaangeliyey Guddiga Madaxa-bannaan ee Doorashooyinka Qaranka (GMDQ). Xisbiyadu waxay rajeynayaan inay helaan diiwaangelin buuxda kadib marka ay buuxiyaan shuruudaha sharciga ku xusan, si ay uga qeyb galaan doorashooyinka.

Farxaan Isaaq Yuusuf oo mid kamid ah qorayaasha warbixinta uu daabacay Somali Public Agenda iyo Maxamed Irbad ayaa falanqeynaya sharciga xisbiyada siyaasadeed.

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