On Thursday, 20 August 2020, the president of Somalia, leaders of 3 federal member states (Galmudug, South West, and Hirshabelle), and the governor of Benadir region agreed and signed a new election model dubbed the ‘Electoral Constituency Caucuses’. The agreement was reached after a series of talks held in Dhusamareb, the capital city of Galmudug. At the conclusion of the previous Dhusamareb (2) conference, a joint technical committee from the federal government and federal member states was proposed with the mandate to explore electoral models and present options to the leaders of the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and Federal Member States (FMS) in a third Dhusamareb meeting, which was slated for 15th August. After meetings in Mogadishu and Dhusamareb, the technical committee proposed 3 models, one of which the leaders had to settle on. Read more
This is a crucial election year for Somalia as the national parliamentary and presidential elections are scheduled to happen in late 2020 and early 2021. The national electoral law – approved by the two chambers of parliament and signed into law by the president – is currently the basis for the design and implementation of national elections. This governance brief critically analyzes the limitations of the electoral design such as the lack of definition around constituencies, the ambiguity of election to the Upper House, and the clause enabling indeterminate extension. The brief also discusses the operationalization challenges of the elections, such as designating each seat to a geographic location; the election of Somaliland representatives; the women’s quota; the rift between the center and the periphery; and insecurity. It puts forward a number of policy considerations to help address these issues.
Sanadkan waxa uu muhiim u yahay doorashada Soomaaliya maadaama doorashada baarlamaanka iyo tan madaxweynaha la qorsheeyay inay dhacaan dhammaadka 2020 iyo horraanta 2021. Sharciga doorashooyinka qaran – oo ay dhawaan ansixiyeen labada gole ee baarlamaanka madaxweynahana saxiixay – ayaa hadda aasaas u ah hirgelinta doorashooyinka qaran. Faalladan waxay si kooban u falanqayneysaa iimaha sharciga doorashooyinka sida in aanu qeexeyn deegaan doorashooyinka, mugdiga ku jira doorashada Aqalka Sare, iyo qodobka suuragelinaya in muddo kordhin aan xaddidneyn la sameeyo. Qoraalku waxa uu sidoo kale ka hadlayaa caqabadaha ku hor gudban doorashooyinka, sida u qoondeynta kursi kasta goob cayiman; doorashada wakiilada Soomaaliland; qoondada haweenka; khilaafka u dhexeeya dowladda dhexe iyo maamul goboleedyada; iyo nabadgelyo la’aanta. Waxay warbixinta soo jeedineysaa dhowr talooyin si wax looga qabto arrimahaas.
For the first time in 50 years, national one person one vote national elections are expected to happen in Somalia. Three interrelated pieces of legislation guide the national elections namely the Provisional Constitution, the National Electoral Bill (NEB) and the Political Parties Law. Each of these three laws has hitherto been under review. The National Electoral Bill and the proposed amendments of the Political Parties Law are under parliamentary review while an independent and parliamentary committee is reviewing the Provisional Constitution. Read more
Markii ugu horreysay muddo 50 sanno kadib ah, doorashooyin qaran oo qof iyo cod ah ayaa la qorsheynayaa in ay ka dhacaan Soomaaliya. Saddex sharci ayaa haga doorashooyinka qaranka kuwaasoo kala ah Dastuurka Kumeelgaarka ah, Hindise-sharciyeedka Doorashooyinka Qaranka, iyo Sharciga Xisbiyada Siyaasadda oo ay dhammaantood dib-u-eegis ku socoto. Hindise-sharciyeedka Doorashooyinka Qaran iyo Sharciga Xisbiyada Siyaasadda ee wax-ka-beddelka lagu sameeyay ayaa ku jira dib-u-eegis baarlamaan, halka guddi madax-bannaan iyo guddi xildhibaanno ah ay dib-u-eegayaan Dastuurka Kumeelgaarka ah. Read more
The National Electoral Bill is currently under parliamentary review. Once approved, the law will be the foundation for one-person-one-vote (OPOV) national elections scheduled to take place in Somalia in late 2020 and early 2021. The bill consists of 7 chapters and 61 articles and discusses issues of electoral design, management processes, voter registration, candidate eligibility, regulations for election campaigning, voting processes and vote counting, among others. This governance brief critically reviews technical issues of election design contained in the bill, including voter registration, seat allocation, announcement of election results, dispute resolution mechanisms, independence of NIEC, and election observation. It also makes broader comment on the framework for democratic governance in Somalia (election of the President, election of the Upper House, and election delays) and puts forward options for policy consideration.
Sharciga Doorashooyinka Qaranka waxa uu ku jiraa dib-u-eegista baarlamaan. Marka la ansixiyo, sharciga waxaa uu aasaas u noqon doonaa doorashoooyinka qaran ee qof iyo codka ah ee la qorsheynayo in ay ka dhacaan Soomaaliya dhammaadka 2020 iyo horraanta 2021. Sharcigu waxaa uu ka kooban yahay 7 cutub iyo 61 qodob, waxaa uuna ka hadlayaa arrimaha qaabeynta doorashada, hababka maamulka, diiwaangelinta cod bixiyeyaasha, musharaxnimada, ololaha doorashada, hababka cod bixinta, iyo cod tirinta. Faalladaan kooban waxa ay si faahfaahsan qiimeyn ugu sameyneysaa arrimaha farsamo ee qaabeynta doorashada ee ku jira sharciga oo ay ka mid yihiin diiwaan gelinta cod bixiyeyaasha, qoondeynta kuraasta, ku dhawaaqista natiijooyinka doorashada, xallinta murannada, madaxbannaanida Guddiga Madaxa-bannaan ee Doorashooyinka Qaranka iyo kormeerka doorashada. Waxaa ay sidoo kale faalladan falanqeyneysaa qaabdhismeedka maamul dimuqraadi ah ee Soomaaliya ka hanaqaada (doorashada madaxweynaha, doorashada Aqalka Sare iyo dib-u-dhaca doorashada). Waxa ay warbixintu soo jeedineysaa talooyin tixgelin mudan.