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Dib-u-heshiisiinta Galmudug: Geeddi-socodka, Caqabadaha iyo Fursadah‪a‬ (SPA Governance Podcast)

Soomaaliya waxay soo martay xasillooni darro weyn tan iyo markii la riday dowladdii milateriga ahayd 1991. Isku dhacyada rabshadaha wata ee u dhexeeya qabaa’illada iska soo horjeeda ayaa caadi ka ahaa dalka oo dhan, kuwaasoo ka dhashay inta badan biyo yari iyo kheyraadka daaqa. Colaadaha noocan oo kale ah waxay keeneen isku dhacyo muddo dheer socdey oo ay adkaatay in la xalliyo. Mid kamid ah tusaalaha ugu muhiimsan waa maamulka Galmudug, oo ay sameysteen gobollada Galgaduud iyo Mudug, iyadoo taariikh ahaan ahaayeen labadan gobol goobo ay ka jiraan loollan siyaasadeed oo qaraar iyo dagaallo isdaba joog ah, iyadoo kooxo badan ay sheeganayeen inay ka taliyaan qeybo kala duwan oo labadan gobol katirsan. Muddadii 2015 ilaa 2019 Galmudug labo ayay u kala jabtay, maamullo kala gaar ahna waxaa laga kala dhisay dhumasareb iyo Cadaado. Sikastaba ha noqotee, kadib isku dayo badan oo dib-u-heshiisiin oo ay ku guuldareysteen dhinacyo kala duwan, geeddi-socodkii ugu dambeeyay ee la doonayay in lagusoo dabaalo nabad iyo in la dhiso dowlad xasilan ayaa waxaa laga gaaray guul.

Podcast-gan waxa ay Maxamed Shariif, Mahad Waasuge, Farxaan Isaaq Yuusuf ku falanqeynayaan  natiijooyinka kasoo baxay daraasad cilmiyaysan oo falanqeyneysa geeddi-socodka dib-u-heshiisiinta siyaasadeed iyo bulsho ee degaannada Galmudug.

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Galmudug Reconciliation: Processes, Challenges, and Opportunities Ahead

The roads to reconciliation and state formation in Galmudug have been difficult. The federal government – through the Ministry of Interior, Fed- eral Affairs, and Reconciliation – took the lead in establishing a new state for Galmudug in early 2019. It started with a 12-member social reconciliation committee that convened the 11 clans in Galmudug and helped them select the state legislators. The reconciliation of the Huurshe-Heraale conflict was a notable success of these efforts. A controversial presidential election which was boycotted by most of the candidates followed reconciliation at community levels. However, the elected president Qoorqoor led the state in a positive direction by initiating a political reconciliation process. Before his inauguration, he reached agreements with opposition politicians who had been candidates for the presidency, and former Galmudug President Haaf. ASWJ leaders left Dhusamareb after the SNA overpowered their forces. A state cabinet seen by many as being inclusive was appointed, and within a few months Galmudug saw itself playing an important role in national politics by convening conferences between FGS and FMS leaders on the subject of federal elections.

Notwithstanding these promising reconciliation efforts, the state is still fragile and the challenges it faces are numerous. Addressing the root causes of clan conflicts, managing the election of the federal MPs whose constituency is Galmudug, and security sector re- form, among many others, will define Galmudug’s future.

Read the full report here

In partnership with Interpeace.

Tolerant government and responsible opposition: reversing Somalia’s political dilemma

The existence of opposition and critics in a democratic polity is indispensable for the key roles they play. They hold governments in check and scrutinize how government policies are formulated, administered and implemented. Further, they criticise how a government falls short in fulfilling the promises it made during and after the election periods. Read more

Somali Public Agenda

Options for political reconciliation in Somalia

Somalia’s federal and regional leaders have been in intense political friction recently. At the peak of these tensions, the regional presidents and their aides – who met in Kismayo in early September 2018 – decided to suspend their relationship with the federal government until their concerns were negotiated and addressed via the mediation of a third party. The regional presidents justified this position by citing a number of political and security concerns with the government in Mogadishu. Read more