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Evaluating the Governance of the Covid-19 Response in Somalia: A Call for Inclusive and Transparent Decision-making

The Covid-19 pandemic spread across Somalia and again exposed the fragility of public institutions. There are limited laboratories that can be used to test the Covid-19 samples. The number of samples tested was minimal in number, and the positive, recovered, and death numbers reported likely do not reflect the actual number of people who contracted the virus and the actual deaths from the coronavirus. The national Covid-19 response was understandably minimal, and was/is only limited to Mogadishu, the seats of regional states, and few other major towns. Although some governance measures were employed by the federal government and federal member states, these measures were poorly enforced due to the weak enforcement capacity of public institutions. There have been some financial and in-kind support to Covid-19 response, but transparency and accountability mechanisms relating to how these resources have been used are not clear. The Covid-19 pandemic became one among many pressing priorities for the recovering public sector institutions in Somalia, and one key lesson from the pandemic relates to the need for investment in both governing institutions and the delivery of public services. The pandemic may come to an end, but it could inspire leaders to invest more in increasing access to and quality of public services in Somalia.

Download the full report here

Cudurka safmareenka ee Covid-19 wuxuu ku faafay Soomaaliya oo dhan wuxuuna mar kale kashifay jilicsanaanta hay’adaha dowliga ah. Waxaa jira shaybaarro yar oo loo isticmaali karo in lagu baaro cudurka Covid-19. Tirada dadka la baaray ayaa tiro ahaan aad u yaraa, tirada laga helay, iyo tirada dhimashada ee la soo sheegay waxay u egtahay inaysan ka tarjumaynin tirada dhabta ah ee dadka uu ku dhacay fayraska iyo dhimashada dhabta ah ee uu sababay coronavirus. Guddiga heer Qaran ee Covid-19 tamartiisu waxay ahayd mid aad u yar,  kaliyana ku eg Muqdisho, caasimadaha dowlad-goboleedyada iyo magaalooyin kale oo waaweyn. Inkastoo dhowr tallaabo oo maamul ay ku dhawaaqeen dowladda dhexe iyo dowladaha xubnaha ka ah federaalka, haddana tallaabooyinkan si liidata ayaa loo dhaqan geliyey sababtoo ah awoodda fulinta ee hay’adaha dowladda ayaa daciif ah. Waxaa jiray xoogaa taageero maaliyadeed iyo mid agab ah oo loogu tala galay la tacalida xaladda Covid-19, balse daahfurnaan badan ma jirin qaabka islaxisaabtankana ma ahayn mid cadaynaya sida wax loo isticmaalay. COVID-19  wuxuu noqday mid kamid ah arrimaha culus ee mudnaanta ay siiyeen hay’adaha dowliga ah ee Soomaaliya. Hal cashar oo muhiim ah oo laga bartay musiibada ayaa la xiriirta baahida loo qabo dhisidda hay’adaha dowliga ah iyo gaarsiinta adeegyada bulshada. Aafada waa lasoo afjari karaa, laakiin waxay ku dhiirigelin kartaa hoggaamiyeyaasha inay maalgeliyaan kordhinta helitaanka iyo tayada adeegyada bulshada ee Soomaaliya.

Soo rogo warbixinta oo dhameystiran

 

SPA’s New Service Design and Training Centers

When Somali Public Agenda was established in early 2018, it had a unique methodology. The approach combined research, public service design, and training on governance and service delivery issues in Somalia.

The three portfolios are interconnected. As can be seen on the website, SPA research focuses on seven thematic areas namely decentralization, public bureaucracy, and local administration; democratization and elections; financial governance; security, justice, and rule of law; urban planning and land administration; employment; and, education system and health services. Read more

How our Election Series is informing policymakers and citizens on Somalia elections

A year ago (July 2019), Somali Public Agenda team began its Election Series, a series of briefs and commentaries concerning elections in Somalia. The aim of the series is to inform policy makers, practitioners, and citizens and provide a balanced analysis on election-related themes.

The Election Series was self-financed; and SPA did not seek financial support from other organizations. Some of the profits generated from the translation services by SPA subsidiary company – Tayo Translations – were directed towards and financed the SPA’s work on elections. Read more

Between direct election and 2016 indirect election for Somalia: A middle ground electoral model

Somalia’s federal and state leaders are currently in Dhusamareb discussing the upcoming 2020-21 federal elections. Dubbed Dhusamareb II, the President and Prime Minister of the Federal Government and presidents of Puntland, Jubaland, South West, Galmudug and Hirshabelle have held closed-door meetings on modalities of the election for a number of days. The Benadir governor is not attending the meeting. There are many delegates accompanying the federal and state leaders, but the deliberation is exclusive to the seven leaders. Read more

Saameynta COVID-19 uu ku yeeshay jaamacadaha Muqdisho (Somali Public Agenda Podcast)

Kadib markii lasoo tabiyay kiisaskii ugu horeeyay ee fayraska 16-kii Maarso, dowladda federaalku waxay qaadday tallaabooyin ay ku joojineyso faafitaanka caabuqa.

Tallaabadii ugu horreeysay waxay ahayd in la hakiyo iskuullada iyo jaamacadaha maadaama ay yihiin goobo uu si xooggan ugu faafi karo fayraska.

Raysal wasaaraha dalka Xasan Cali Khayre ayaa ku dhawaaqay 18-kii Maarso 2020 in labo toddobaad la hakinaayo waxbarashada, loona baahan yahay in la qiimeeyo sida xaaladdu isku baddeleyso. Iskuullada iyo jaamacaduhuna way qaateen amarka, laakiin kiisasku si isdaba-joog ah ayay usii kordhayeen.

Podcast-gan waxa aan ku falanqeyneynaa nuxurka warbixinta aan daabacnay oo ka hadleysa saameynta uu COVID-19 ku yeeshay jaamacadaha Muqdisho.

 

Examining the impact of COVID-19 on higher education in Mogadishu

Soon after the first few cases of COVID-19 were confirmed in Somalia, schools and higher education institutions were forced to close down their campuses in a bid to reduce infections. Universities explored online teaching as an alternative approach to continue teaching and learning. This governance brief explores how COVID-19 impacted the higher education sector in Mogadishu. The brief puts special emphasis on universities’ shift to online instruction; how the teaching of arts, social science as well as science, technology, engineering, and maths (STEM) disciplines are affected; issues around digital divides; financial hardships of universities; online teaching challenges; and exams integrity. The paper concludes with policy considerations including universities to invest in Edtech; observe exam integrity; and to look for other sources to reduce dependence on students’ tuition fees and maintain operations.

Download the full governance brief

Kadib markii kiisaskii ugu horreeyay ee COVID-19 laga xaqiijiyey Soomaaliya, iskuullada iyo jaamacadaha waxaa lagu qasbay in ay xiraan xarumahooda si loo yareeyo faafidda fayraska. Jaamacaduhu waxay sahminayeen waxbarista internet-ka si aanay u joogsan waxbarashada. Faalladan waxay baareysaa sida uu COVID-19 u saameeyay jaamacadaha Muqdisho. Warbixintu waxa ay si gaar ah xoogga u saareyaa u weecashada jaamacadaha ee waxbarista internet- ka; sida culuumta arts-ka, cilmiga bulshada iyo seyniska, tiknooloojiyadda, injineeriyada, iyo xisaabtu u saameeyay COVID-19; arrimaha ku saabsan u sinnaan la’aanta isticmaalka tiknooloojiyadda; dhibaatooyinka maaliyadeed ee jaamacadaha; iyo caqabadaha waxbarista internet-ka; iyo hufnaanta imtixaannada. Faalladu waxa ay ku talineysaa in jaamacaduhu maalgashadaan tiknooloojiyadda; ilaalinta hufnaanta imtixaanka; iyo in la raadiyo ilo dhaqaale kale si loo yareeyo ku tiirsanaanta jaamacadaha ee lacagaha ardeyda laga qaado.

Soo rogo warbixinta oo dhameystiran

Direct election or ‘enhanced indirect’ election for Somalia? Analysis of the relevant regulations

On 7th June, the joint 17-member parliamentary committee tasked with the preparation of election regulations – which requires only parliamentary approval – submitted two draft regulations to the speakers of the two chambers of parliament for discussion. The first regulation, which consists of 5 chapters and 9 articles, defines the seat allocation, women’s quota, and representation of the Benadir region in the Upper House. The second regulation, which consists of 12 articles, defines the (s)election process of representatives for  Somaliland (or northern regions). Read more

Doorasho toos ah mise doorashadii dadbaneyd oo la hormariyey? Falanqeyn ku saabsan xeerarka doorashada

7-dii bishii Juun, guddiga baarlamaanka ee ka koobnaa 17-ka xubnood loona xilsaray diyaarinta xeerarka sharciga doorashooyinka waxa uu labo xeer u gudbiyey guddoonka labada aqal ee baarlamaanka si looga doodo loona ansixiyo. Xeerka koowaad oo ka kooban 5 cutub iyo 9 qodob waxa uu qeexayaa deegaan-doorashada kuraasta, qoondada dumarka, iyo metelaadda gobolka Benaadir. Xeerka labaad oo ka kooban 12 qodob waxa uu qeexayaa hannaanka doorasho ee xildhibaannada Soomaaliland (ama gobollada waqooyi). Read more

The impact of Covid-19 on the informal economy of Mogadishu

COVID-19 has become the most talked-about global threat of 2020 as it has affected the lives of millions of people across more than 188 countries and territories. The latest statistics show that so far, more than 6 million people have contracted the virus globally and the deaths of more than 370,000 people have been reported. Apart from the direct effect that it has on infected people, COVID-19 also has a huge impact on the global economy and people’s livelihoods, particularly the vulnerable whose lives are dependent on the small income they make out of their daily work.

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Saameynta COVID-19 ee dhaqaalaha Muqdisho

COVID-19 ayaa noqday khatarta loogu hadal heynta badan yahay sanadka 2020-ka ee dunida maadaama uu saameyn ku yeeshay nolosha malaayin dad ah oo ku kala nool in ka badan 188 wadan. Tirakoobkii ugu dambeeyay ayaa muujinaya in ilaa hadda in ka badan 6 milyan oo qofood uu ku dhacay fayraska guud ahaan caalamka, sidoo kale in ka badan 370,000 ayaa geeridooda lasoo weriyay. Marka laga reebo saameynta tooska ah ee ay ku yeelatay dadka cudurka qaba, COVID-19 sidoo kale wuxuu saameyn weyn ku yeeshay dhaqaalaha adduunka iyo hab nololeedka dadka, gaar ahaan kuwa nugul ee ay noloshoodu ku tiirsan tahay dakhliga yar oo ay ka helaan shaqooyinkooda maalinlaha ah. Read more