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Falanqeyn miisaaniyadda sanadka 2021 loo qorsheeyay hay’adaha amniga, horumarinta dhaqaalaha iyo adeegyada bulshada Soomaaliy‪a‬ (SPA Governance Podcast)

Golaha Shacabka ee Baarlamaanka Federaalka Soomaaliya  ayaa 29-kii bishii Diseembar 2020 (labo maalin kadib markii uu muddo xileedkisa dhammaaday 27-dii Diseembari) meelmariyay miisaaniyadda dowladda federaalka ee sanadka 2021-ka. Wadarta miisaaniyadda loogu talagalay sanad maaliyadeedka 2021-ka waa $671 malyan. Tani waxa ay $195 malyan ka badan tahay miisaaniyadda sanadkii hore oo aheyd $476 million, taasoo ayada lafteeda $132 malyan ka badneyd sanad maaliyadeedkii 2019-ka oo ahaa $344 million.

Waxa uu Mahad Wasuge podcast-gan kusoo koobayaa faallo aan dhawaan ka daabacnay miisaaniyadda dowladda federaalka sanadka 2021 ee loo qorsheeyay hay’adaha amniga, horumarinta dhaqaalaha iyo adeegyada bulshada Soomaaliya.

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Somalia’s Electoral Conundrum: An Alternative to the Mogadishu Model

This commentary explains the current impasse around elections in Somalia and proposes a potential alternative to the indirect elections of the September 17 ‘Mogadishu Model’ (which now appears unworkable). This alternative involves the extension of the Somali Parliament’s mandate for 2 years and the election of new speakers. These speakers would organize a parliamentary election of a President for a 2-year mandate. The president would then put together an inclusive government of national unity. This government would be tasked with organizing direct elections in Somalia after 2 years, in which the president elected by the Parliament would not be able to stand as a candidate. This is an unusual and innovative model which – inevitably – has its own limitations. Nevertheless, this commentary argues that the current electoral stalemate and extraordinary political circumstances require the consideration of such options. Read more

Review of 2021 federal government budget for security, economic growth and public services

On 29 December 2020, the Somali Federal Parliament (two days after its constitutional mandate ended on 27 December) approved the 2021 federal government budget. The total budget appropriated for the 2021 fiscal year is $671 million. This is a significant $195 million increase from last year’s $476 million, which itself was a $132 million increase of 2019’s $344 million fiscal budget.   Read more

Falanqeyn miisaaniyadda sanadka 2021 loo qorsheeyay hay’adaha amniga, horumarinta dhaqaalaha iyo adeegyada bulshada Soomaaliya

Golaha Shacabka ee Baarlamaanka Federaalka Soomaaliya  ayaa 29-kii bishii Diseembar 2020 (labo maalin kadib markii uu muddo xileedkisa dhammaaday 27-dii Diseembari) meelmariyay miisaaniyadda dowladda federaalka ee sanadka 2021-ka. Wadarta miisaaniyadda loogu talagalay sanad maaliyadeedka 2021-ka waa $671 malyan. Tani waxa ay $195 malyan ka badan tahay miisaaniyadda sanadkii hore oo aheyd $476 million, taasoo ayada lafteeda $132 malyan ka badneyd sanad maaliyadeedkii 2019-ka oo ahaa $344 million. Read more

My Internship at SPA: A Personal Reflection

The sun’s reflection is beaming through my open window, telling me it’s time to wake up. But the normalcy was thrown into the trash. I was staring at the ceiling and the fever of my body is saying everything.

The Covid-19 has been gradually altering everything, and we’re working from home because of the virus. Read more

A comparative review of Somalia’s controversial Sexual Offences Bills

There has been controversy surrounding the development of new legislation in Somalia addressing sexual offences, at a time when incidences of rape and other sexual violence have become rampant and impunity is pervasive. Two different bills on sexual offences have been drafted by different sources. However, the content and implications of each bill have not been adequately explained in public, leading to tensions fed by confusion and misapprehension rather than informed discussion. This brief outlines the content of each bill and draws out the key comparisons and differences. It recommends harmonizing the two bills, conducting wider public awareness activities on the proposed legislation, aligning the legislation to Somalia’s Penal Code, and strengthening the judiciary, police, and prosecution institutions.

Download the full governance brief

Muran ayaa ka taagnaa u sameynta sharci cusub Soomaaliya oo wax looga qabanayo dembiyada galmada, xilli dhacdooyinka kufsiga iyo xadgudubyada kale ee galmada ay noqdeen kuwo aad u baahsan. Laba hindise- sharciyeed oo kala duwan oo ku saabsan dembiyada galmada ayey diyaariyeen xafiisyo kala duwan. Nuxurka iyo saameynta nindise- sharciyeed kasta si fiican looguma sharrixin dadweynaha, taasoo horseedday xiisado ku qotama jahwareer iyo fahan-xumo halkii ay habooneyd dood xog-ogaalnimo ku dhisan in laga yeesho. Qoraalkan wuxuu qeexayaa waxa ku qoran hindise-sharciyeed kasta wuxuuna soo bandhigayaa isbarbardhigyada iyo kala duwanaanshiyaha muhiimka ah. Qormadu waxey ku talineysaa in la is waafajiyo labada hindise-sharciyeed, in la sameeyo wacyigelin ballaaran oo ku saabsan sharciga lagu taliyey, in sharciga la waafajiyo Xeerka Ciqaabta Soomaaliya, lana xoojiyo garsoorka, booliska, iyo hay’adaha dacwad-oogista.

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2020: Somali Public Agenda’s Year in Review

2020 has been a challenging but productive year for Somali Public Agenda. Despite the disruptions of the Covid-19 pandemic and other problems for Somalia this year, SPA was able to navigate through and managed to publish 16 papers in total, including reports, briefs, and commentaries. Our production was four publications higher than our 12 pieces in 2019. Of the 16 publications, 10 were commentaries, 4 were governance briefs, and 2 were research reports. Read more

Youth inclusion and participation in Somali politics: challenges and opportunities

Somalia is a youthful country with a high fertility rate. Approximately 70% of the population is under the age of 30, and more than 60% of the population is under the age of 25. With this huge youth population, young people at working age suffer from the impacts of a high unemployment rate, which is estimated to stand at 60%; one of the highest in the world. Read more

Protecting stability and inclusivity in Somalia’s indirect election process

Protecting progress that has already been made in Somalia’s post-conflict transition should be the main priority of the upcoming electoral process. Significantly, Somalis have already achieved agreement on the main aspects of the process through intensive dialogue, which represents a major hurdle that has been negotiated. As well as this, the elections can also help to further expand participation and representation in Somalia’s political structures, which would be another step forward—albeit small—in Somalia’s post-conflict trajectory.

These successes are not yet guaranteed. The process comes at the tail-end of a period of heightened political tensions in Somalia, between the FGS and some federal member states, notably Jubaland and Puntland, as well as between the FGS and opposition politicians. The agreement struck in September is fragile, and, in the absence of trust, the contentious issues outlined above may derail the process. There is a high chance that the elections become protracted and contested, increasing the likelihood that the result is disputed.

These are worst-case scenarios and are avoidable if the spirit of consensus reached in September amongst the Somali political leadership can be revitalized and deepened. Constant political dialogue between Somali leaders from different sides of the spectrum on the issues outlined here is essential to build trust, relationships and channels of communication that can be the basis for a credible process, and mediation of political differences. This might take place in the form of a monthly meeting of political leaders whilst the election campaign is underway, as well as regular meetings or conference calls between technical advisors from the different groups.

In la ilaaliyo horumarkii horay loogu sameeyay marxaladda isbeddelka doorashada ee Soomaaliya waa in uu noqdaa mudnaanta koowaad ee hannaanka doorashooyinka soo socda. Muhiimad ahaan, Soomaalidu waxay hore heshiis uga gaareen arrimaha ugu muhiimsan ee geeddi-socodka doorashada iyadoo loo marayo wadahadal. Sidoo kale, doorashadu waxay kaloo gacan ka gaysan kartaa sii ballaarinta ka-qaybgalka iyo metelaadda siyaasadeed ee Soomaaliya, taasoo noqon doonta tallaabo kale oo horey loo qaado – in kasta oo ay yar tahay.

Guulahaan weli lama damaanad qaadin. Hannaanka doorashada ayaa kusoo aadaya dabayaaqada xilli ay ka jiraan Soomaaliya xiisado siyaasadeed oo xoogeystay ee u dhexeeya dowladda federaalka iyo qaar ka mid ah dowladaha xubnaha ka ah dowladda federaalka, gaar ahaan Jubaland iyo Puntland, iyo sidoo kale khilaaf u dhexeeya dowladda federaalka iyo siyaasiyiinta mucaaradka. Heshiiskii la gaaray bishii Sebteember waa mid nugul, maadaama aanu kalsooni badan heysanin, arrimaha lagu muransan yahay ee kor ku xusan ayaana carqaladeyn kara hannaanka doorashada. Waxaa jirta ifafaalo ah in doorashooyinka ay noqdaan kuwo daba dheeraada, taasoo kordhinaysa suuragalnimada in natiijada doorashadu noqoto mid lagu murmo.

Kuwani waa xaaladaha ugu xun ee dhici kara waana kuwo laga fogaan karo haddii dareenka adag ee heshiiskii la gaarey bishii Sebteambar ee u dhexeeyey hoggaamiyaasha siyaasadda ee Soomaaliya dib loosoo nooleyn karo lanasii ballaarin karo. Wadahadal siyaasadeed oo joogta ah oo u dhexeeya madaxda Soomaalida ee ka kala socda dhinacyada kala duwan ee arrimaha halkan lagu xusey ayaa lagama maarmaan u ah dhismaha kalsooni, xiriiro iyo wadiiqooyin isgaarsiineed oo gundhig u noqon kara hannaan lagu kalsoonaan karo, iyo dhexdhexaadinta khilaafaadka iyo kala duwanaanshaha siyaasadeed. Tani waxa ay u dhici kartaa qaab kulan bille ah oo u dhexeeya hoggaamiyaasha siyaasadda inta ololaha doorashada uu socdo, iyo sidoo kale shirar caadiga ah ee u dhexeeya lataliyeyaasha farsamada ee siyaasiyiinta kala duwan.

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