Posts

Fiscal Federalism in Somalia: Constitutional Ambiguity, Political Economy and Options for a Workable Arrangement

Somalia adopted a federal system in 2004 when the Transitional Federal Charter was adopted in Kenya. Since then, it has evolved into a provisional constitution, which was temporarily approved by the over 800-member constitutional assembly in Mogadishu in 2012. The devolution of power has exposed Somalia to recurrent disputes between the FGS and its constituent units over power and resource distribution. At the heart of a bitter and draining schism and bone of contention between the levels of government is fiscal federalism. This results from ambiguity inherent in the Somalia Provisional Constitution over this and other crucial matters. As this problem grows, this study sheds light on the state of fiscal federalism in Somalia, and the challenges that stand in the way of a workable agreement. However, it also proposes practical models and recommendations in resolving the existing disputes over fiscal federalism.

Download the full report here

Personal Reflection on My Internship at SPA

My three-month internship with the Somali Public Agenda (SPA) has come to an end. The internship was a great opportunity for me to acquire various skills and experiences. I am grateful for this opportunity at SPA. A few of the things that I learned while working with the SPA were discipline, respect and time management. Read more

From Agreement to Implementation: The Operationalization of Somalia’s Indirect Election Agreement

On May 27, members of the National Consultative Council (NCC) signed an election agreement in Mogadishu. The agreement, which consists of eight points and a roadmap for the post-election government, addresses the core outstanding issues of the indirect elections. The Prime Minister took the lead of the electoral process after the House of the People rescinded early last month a two- year extension it announced on 12 April and the President handed over the election management and security to him. The agreement includes a way forward for the election implementation teams, the election of Somaliland seats, the management of elections in Gedo, election security, women’s quota, and an election timeline. This brief examines the agreed framework and its limitations. It also analyses the implementation challenges of the agreed indirect election such as budget, security, the composition of electoral delegates, and logistical challenges. It also puts forward a number of recommendations that, if implemented, could enhance the transparency and outcome of Somalia’s approaching indirect elections.

Download the full governance brief

Who owns data in Somalia? Ending the country’s privatised knowledge economy

Over the past decades, donors, aid agencies, consultants and enumerators have conducted increasing amounts of aid-related research in the form of monitoring, assessments and surveys in Somalia. The rise of third-party monitoring (TPMs), new technologies and the arrival of global consultancy firms have not only led to an internationalised and professionalised market for aid information but also introduced new power dynamics in the production of aid knowledge. The way in which aid data in Somalia/Somaliland is produced reflects prevailing stereotypes about the supposedly superior value of ‘Western’ expertise over local knowledge. This brief raises important questions about the production and ownership of aid- related knowledge in the Somali territories where, due to weak state institutions, data collection is unregulated, and often de facto privatised. Moreover, the insufficient uptake of aid information by aid agencies, the governments and the public gives pause for thought. As Somali government institutions are strengthening, there is an urgent need to localise knowledge production in Somalia and to make aid information and data available to the public. There is also a need to strengthen data protection and research ethics and to rethink some of the extractive and negative impacts of the current aid information business.

Download the full governance brief

Falanqeyn miisaaniyadda sanadka 2021 loo qorsheeyay hay’adaha amniga, horumarinta dhaqaalaha iyo adeegyada bulshada Soomaaliy‪a‬ (SPA Governance Podcast)

Golaha Shacabka ee Baarlamaanka Federaalka Soomaaliya  ayaa 29-kii bishii Diseembar 2020 (labo maalin kadib markii uu muddo xileedkisa dhammaaday 27-dii Diseembari) meelmariyay miisaaniyadda dowladda federaalka ee sanadka 2021-ka. Wadarta miisaaniyadda loogu talagalay sanad maaliyadeedka 2021-ka waa $671 malyan. Tani waxa ay $195 malyan ka badan tahay miisaaniyadda sanadkii hore oo aheyd $476 million, taasoo ayada lafteeda $132 malyan ka badneyd sanad maaliyadeedkii 2019-ka oo ahaa $344 million.

Waxa uu Mahad Wasuge podcast-gan kusoo koobayaa faallo aan dhawaan ka daabacnay miisaaniyadda dowladda federaalka sanadka 2021 ee loo qorsheeyay hay’adaha amniga, horumarinta dhaqaalaha iyo adeegyada bulshada Soomaaliya.

Click here to listen on Apple Podcasts.

Somalia’s Electoral Conundrum: An Alternative to the Mogadishu Model

This commentary explains the current impasse around elections in Somalia and proposes a potential alternative to the indirect elections of the September 17 ‘Mogadishu Model’ (which now appears unworkable). This alternative involves the extension of the Somali Parliament’s mandate for 2 years and the election of new speakers. These speakers would organize a parliamentary election of a President for a 2-year mandate. The president would then put together an inclusive government of national unity. This government would be tasked with organizing direct elections in Somalia after 2 years, in which the president elected by the Parliament would not be able to stand as a candidate. This is an unusual and innovative model which – inevitably – has its own limitations. Nevertheless, this commentary argues that the current electoral stalemate and extraordinary political circumstances require the consideration of such options. Read more

Review of 2021 federal government budget for security, economic growth and public services

On 29 December 2020, the Somali Federal Parliament (two days after its constitutional mandate ended on 27 December) approved the 2021 federal government budget. The total budget appropriated for the 2021 fiscal year is $671 million. This is a significant $195 million increase from last year’s $476 million, which itself was a $132 million increase of 2019’s $344 million fiscal budget.   Read more

Falanqeyn miisaaniyadda sanadka 2021 loo qorsheeyay hay’adaha amniga, horumarinta dhaqaalaha iyo adeegyada bulshada Soomaaliya

Golaha Shacabka ee Baarlamaanka Federaalka Soomaaliya  ayaa 29-kii bishii Diseembar 2020 (labo maalin kadib markii uu muddo xileedkisa dhammaaday 27-dii Diseembari) meelmariyay miisaaniyadda dowladda federaalka ee sanadka 2021-ka. Wadarta miisaaniyadda loogu talagalay sanad maaliyadeedka 2021-ka waa $671 malyan. Tani waxa ay $195 malyan ka badan tahay miisaaniyadda sanadkii hore oo aheyd $476 million, taasoo ayada lafteeda $132 malyan ka badneyd sanad maaliyadeedkii 2019-ka oo ahaa $344 million. Read more

My Internship at SPA: A Personal Reflection

The sun’s reflection is beaming through my open window, telling me it’s time to wake up. But the normalcy was thrown into the trash. I was staring at the ceiling and the fever of my body is saying everything.

The Covid-19 has been gradually altering everything, and we’re working from home because of the virus. Read more