December 9, 2021
Galmudug State of Somalia (GSS) became embroiled in a bloody conflict after Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama’a’s (ASWJ) leadership returned to Galmudug in October 2021 under the pretext of attending an annual religious festival in Huurshe. ASWJ had previously been defeated in March 2020, and on their return became engaged in fierce fighting with joint Galmudug and Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) forces in Bohol on 30 September 2021 and in Guri-el on 23 October 2021. Following four days of ferocious armed conflict, which caused significant human and material damage, ASWJ withdrew from Guri-el to Bohol as a result of informal mediation. The group is still in Bohol and its leaders have snubbed efforts and calls by Sheikh Shakir’s sub-clan kinsmen to disband the militia and seek their goals through peaceful means. The group’s return occurred at the same time as Galmudug was nearing the completion of the election of its 8-member Upper House representatives and the start of the House of the People elections. This brief examines the triggers of AWSJ’s resurgence, missed opportunities to forestall conflict with the group, and the significance of Guri-el. It also puts forward policy considerations for the future including the establishment of inclusive Darawish forces, devolution of power, the formation of effective local government, and genuine reconciliation.
Dowlad-goboleedka Galmudug ayaa gashay colaad dhiig ku daatay kadib markii hoggaanka Ahlu Sunna Waljamaaca ay dib ugusoo laabteen Galmudug bishii Oktoobar 2021 iyagoo ka qeyb galayay xus diimeed sanad walba lagu qabto deegaanka Huurshe. ASWJ ayaa horey looga itaal roonaaday bishii Maarso 2020, waxaana markii ay soo laabteen dagaal ba’an kula galeen ciidamada Galmudug iyo kuwa Dowladda Federaalka Soomaaliya deegaaanka Bohol 30-kii Sebteembar 2021 iyo Guriceel 23-kii Oktoobar 2021. Afar maalmood kadib iska horimaad hubeysan oo aad u ba’an, kaasoo geystay khasaare nafeed iyo mid hanti, ASWJ waxa ay ka baxday Guriceel iyagoo aadday Bohol taasoo ka dhalatay dhexdhexaadin. ASWJ ayaa weli ku sugan deegaanka Bohol, waxaana horjoogayaashoodu ay ka biyo diideen dadaallo iyo baaqyo ay beesha Sheekh Shaakir ku dalbadeen in ciidanka la kala diro oo ay hadafkooda ku raadiyaan qaab nabadeed. Soo laabashada ASWJ ayaa kusoo beegantay xilli Galmudug ay ku dhaweyd gabagabeynta doorashada 8-da xubnood ee ku metela Aqalka Sare iyo bilowga doorashada xubnaha Golaha Shacabka. Faalladan waxay falanqeyneysaa sababaha keenay soo laabashada ASWJ, fursadaha la lumiyay ee looga hortagi karay colaadda iyo muhiimadda Guriceel. Waxa kale oo ay faalladan soo jeedineysaa talooyin tixgelin mudan oo ay ka mid yihiin unkidda ciidamo Daraawiish loo dhan yahay, daadajinta awoodda, dhisidda dowlado hoose oo tayo leh, iyo dib-u- heshiisiin dhab ah.