Entries by Somali Public Agenda

Examining the impact of COVID-19 on higher education in Mogadishu

This governance brief explores how COVID-19 impacted the higher education sector in Mogadishu. The brief puts special emphasis on universities’ shift to online instruction; how the teaching of arts, social science as well as science, technology, engineering, and maths (STEM) disciplines are affected; issues around digital divides; financial hardships of universities; online teaching challenges; and exams integrity.

Direct election or ‘enhanced indirect’ election for Somalia? Analysis of the relevant regulations

In 2016, the indirect elections took place in the capital cities (some of them interim) of Federal Member States. This time, according to the new proposed regulations, the election would be decentralized to the 18 Somalia regions (although the importance and status of regions has significantly diminished after the establishment of the Federal Member States).

Inclusion, Accountability, and Protection: Analysis on the 2019 Flood Response in Hiiraan

The distribution was not inclusive and many were excluded due to the confluence of many factors such as lack of inclusive committees, lack of coordination, distribution of most of the food and cash tokens at night, and the distribution of most of the aid in Ceel Jaalle, where many women, elderly and disabled people were not able to reach.

The Road Ahead to Somalia’s 2021 Elections: Prospects & Challenges

This governance brief critically analyzes the limitations of the electoral design such as the lack of definition around constituencies, the ambiguity of election to the Upper House, and the clause enabling indeterminate extension. The brief also discusses the operationalization challenges of the elections, such as designating each seat to a geographic location; the election of Somaliland representatives; the women’s quota; the rift between the center and the periphery; and insecurity. It puts forward a number of policy considerations to help address these issues.