The Constitutional Amendment Procedure: Analysis of the Process and the Role and Participation of the Civil Society

This brief analyses the Adoption Procedure for the Constitutional Amendment and the actors who opposed it. It explores ways that civil society can contribute to and influence the constitutional review process and concludes with several policy considerations. These include the suggestions that the Parliamentary Oversight Committee (OC) and ICRIC engage multiple stakeholders; that the federal government engages and involves other political stakeholders; and that civil society engages policymakers and citizens in the constitutional review process.

Understanding the formation and operation of local councils in Southwest, Hirshabelle, and Galmudug states

This study examines district council formation (DCF) in three FMSs; Southwest, Hirshabelle, and Galmudug. In particular, it zooms in on the current status of the District Council Formation (DCF) at the FMSs, hindrances that the DCF process has faced in the districts where the process was implemented; obstacles underlying the functionality of the formed DCs; the ex/inclusivity of the process; and the challenges that hampered the launching and/ or implementation of the DCF process in the main accessible districts in the three FMSs.

The state of fiscal decentralization to local governments in Somalia

Decentralization has been emerging as a policy issue in Somalia since 2012. However, it has not been a dominant concern, in comparison to other problems that have overwhelmed policy forums of the executive and legislative branches in both the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and the Federal Member States (FMS). One expectation from the federal arrangement was that power would be decentralized to lower levels to enable local communities to effectively participate in deciding matters of their particular concerns, including devising local-level policies that reflect their immediate needs, such as the collecting local taxes and provision of essential services.

Isu-socdka iyo Aminga Muqdisho: Qiimeyn Nidaamka Cusub ee Kaltanka Bajaajta

Dhammaadkii bishii Maarso 2023, Golaha Wasiirada ee Xukuumada Federaalka Soomaaliya ayaa soo saaray amarro dhowr ah, oo ay kamid ahayd dib-u-diiwaangelinta dhammaan bajaajta islamarkaana loo qeybiyo labo qeybood oo ku kallareysan jaalle iyo buluug oo kala leh sumadaha A iyo B. Amarka xukuumadda ayaa sidoo kale lagu hakiyay dhammaan mootooyinka – oo ay ku jiraan bajaajta iyo sidoo kale mootooyinka labada lug leh – in lagasoo dejiyo dekadaha dalka guud ahaan gaar ahaan dekadda Muqdisho.

Mobility and Security in Mogadishu: Examining the New Bajaj Rotation System

At the end of March 2023, the Council of Ministers of the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) issued a series of directives, which included a directive on re-registration of all tuk-tuks (three-wheeled passenger motorcycles, also known as bajaj) and dividing them into two-color groups – yellow and blue – with the labels A and B respectively. The directive also suspended the importation of all motorcycles – including bajaj as well as two-wheeled motorbikes – from the ports throughout the country and particularly Mogadishu.