The ‘Electoral Constituency Caucuses’: Analysis of the new electoral model agreed in Dhusamareb

On Thursday, 20 August 2020, the president of Somalia, leaders of 3 federal member states (Galmudug, South West, and Hirshabelle), and the governor of Benadir region agreed and signed a new election model dubbed the Electoral Constituency Caucuses’. The agreement was reached after a series of talks held in Dhusamareb, the capital city of Galmudug. At the conclusion of the previous Dhusamareb (2) conference, a joint technical committee from the federal government and federal member states was proposed with the mandate to explore electoral models and present options to the leaders of the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and Federal Member States (FMS) in a third Dhusamareb meeting, which was slated for 15th August. After meetings in Mogadishu and Dhusamareb, the technical committee proposed 3 models, one of which the leaders had to settle on. Read more

Between direct election and 2016 indirect election for Somalia: A middle ground electoral model

Somalia’s federal and state leaders are currently in Dhusamareb discussing the upcoming 2020-21 federal elections. Dubbed Dhusamareb II, the President and Prime Minister of the Federal Government and presidents of Puntland, Jubaland, South West, Galmudug and Hirshabelle have held closed-door meetings on modalities of the election for a number of days. The Benadir governor is not attending the meeting. There are many delegates accompanying the federal and state leaders, but the deliberation is exclusive to the seven leaders. Read more

Direct election or ‘enhanced indirect’ election for Somalia? Analysis of the relevant regulations

On 7th June, the joint 17-member parliamentary committee tasked with the preparation of election regulations – which requires only parliamentary approval – submitted two draft regulations to the speakers of the two chambers of parliament for discussion. The first regulation, which consists of 5 chapters and 9 articles, defines the seat allocation, women’s quota, and representation of the Benadir region in the Upper House. The second regulation, which consists of 12 articles, defines the (s)election process of representatives for  Somaliland (or northern regions). Read more

Doorasho toos ah mise doorashadii dadbaneyd oo la hormariyey? Falanqeyn ku saabsan xeerarka doorashada

7-dii bishii Juun, guddiga baarlamaanka ee ka koobnaa 17-ka xubnood loona xilsaray diyaarinta xeerarka sharciga doorashooyinka waxa uu labo xeer u gudbiyey guddoonka labada aqal ee baarlamaanka si looga doodo loona ansixiyo. Xeerka koowaad oo ka kooban 5 cutub iyo 9 qodob waxa uu qeexayaa deegaan-doorashada kuraasta, qoondada dumarka, iyo metelaadda gobolka Benaadir. Xeerka labaad oo ka kooban 12 qodob waxa uu qeexayaa hannaanka doorasho ee xildhibaannada Soomaaliland (ama gobollada waqooyi). Read more

The impact of Covid-19 on the informal economy of Mogadishu

COVID-19 has become the most talked-about global threat of 2020 as it has affected the lives of millions of people across more than 188 countries and territories. The latest statistics show that so far, more than 6 million people have contracted the virus globally and the deaths of more than 370,000 people have been reported. Apart from the direct effect that it has on infected people, COVID-19 also has a huge impact on the global economy and people’s livelihoods, particularly the vulnerable whose lives are dependent on the small income they make out of their daily work.

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Saameynta COVID-19 ee dhaqaalaha Muqdisho

COVID-19 ayaa noqday khatarta loogu hadal heynta badan yahay sanadka 2020-ka ee dunida maadaama uu saameyn ku yeeshay nolosha malaayin dad ah oo ku kala nool in ka badan 188 wadan. Tirakoobkii ugu dambeeyay ayaa muujinaya in ilaa hadda in ka badan 6 milyan oo qofood uu ku dhacay fayraska guud ahaan caalamka, sidoo kale in ka badan 370,000 ayaa geeridooda lasoo weriyay. Marka laga reebo saameynta tooska ah ee ay ku yeelatay dadka cudurka qaba, COVID-19 sidoo kale wuxuu saameyn weyn ku yeeshay dhaqaalaha adduunka iyo hab nololeedka dadka, gaar ahaan kuwa nugul ee ay noloshoodu ku tiirsan tahay dakhliga yar oo ay ka helaan shaqooyinkooda maalinlaha ah. Read more

How stigma is holding back the fight against Coronavirus in Somalia

On 16 March 2020, Somalia’s Ministry of Health confirmed the first COVID-19 case in the country. In response, and to prevent a wide spread of the virus, the government immediately imposed  restrictions including the suspension of both domestic and international flights, the closing of schools, universities and Qur’anic Madrasas, and ultimately imposed a night time curfew effective from 15th April.  Despite these measures, the virus has spread in Mogadishu. The first person who died of Coronavirus on 8th April was a Somali citizen who had no travel history, clearly indicating community transmissions. Worryingly, the virus is spreading across Mogadishu and other parts of the country at a speed, and there is no institutional capacity to trace contacts. Read more

Sida uu takoorku caqabad ugu yahay la-dagaallanka Coronovirus ee Soomaaliya

16-kii Maarso 2020, Wasaaradda Caafimaadka ee Soomaaliya ayaa xaqiijisay kiiskii ugu horreeyay ee COVID-19 ee Soomaaliya laga helay. Iyadoo laga jawaabayo, lagana hortagayo faafitaanka fayraska, waxa ay dowladda soo rogtay xannibaado ay kamid yihiin joojinta duullimaadyada gudaha iyo kuwa caalamiga ah, xeritaanka iskuullada, jaamacadaha iyo Madarasadaha Qur’aanka, waxayna ugu dambeyn soo rogtay bandoow habeenkii ah oo dhaqan galkiisu bilowday 15-ka Abriil. Inkastoo talaabooyinkan la qaaday, haddana fayrasku wuxuu ku fiday Muqdisho. Qofkii ugu horreeyay ee u dhinta Coronavirus 8-dii Abriil wuxuu ahaa muwaadin Soomaaliyeed oo aan horey safar u galin, tasoo si cad u muujineysa in uu bulshada cudurku ku faafay. Fayrasku wuxuu ugu faafayaa Muqdisho iyo qeybaha kale ee dalka si xawli ah, mana jiro awood dowladeed oo lagu raadiyo xiriirrada ay sameeyeen dadka cudurka ku dhacay iyo dadkii ay la macaamileen. Read more

Coronavirus (COVID-19): Sababta ay Soomaaliya ugu baahan tahay dejinta qorsheyaal loogu diyaargaroobayo lagulana tacaalayo cudurka faafa

In ka badan 142,000 qofood oo ku kala nool 122 dal ayaa laga helay caabuqa COVID-19, 5,393 qofoodna waa ay u geeriyootay sida ay sheegtay Hay’adda Caafimaadka Adduunka  ee WHO.  Inkastoo kiisasku ku badan yihiin qaaradaha Aasiya, Yurub iyo Ameerika, ilaa hadda 105 qofood ayaa laga helay cudurkan qaaradda Afrika sida ay sheegtay Centre for Disease Control Africa. Waa hubaal in isku xernaanta qaaradaha dunida ay ka dhalan doonto in uu cudurkan ku faafo dalalka dhaqaalahoodu hooseeyo ee ku yaalla Afrika saameyn culusna uu ku yeelan doono. Read more

Coronavirus outbreak (COVID-19): Why Somalia needs to institute a rigorous pandemic preparedness and response plans

There are now more than 142,000 cases of COVID-19 in 122 countries, and 5,393 people have died according to the World Health Organization (WHO).  While the number of cases have surged in Asia, Europe, and the Americas, to-date only 105 cases have been recorded in Africa according to the Centre for Disease Control Africa. However, it is highly likely that in an interconnected world the virus will spread to low and middle-income countries (LMIC) in Africa but with potentially a far deadlier impact. Read more