Youth inclusion and participation in Somali politics: challenges and opportunities

Somalia is a youthful country with a high fertility rate. Approximately 70% of the population is under the age of 30, and more than 60% of the population is under the age of 25. With this huge youth population, young people at working age suffer from the impacts of a high unemployment rate, which is estimated to stand at 60%; one of the highest in the world. Read more

Dhallinyarada iyo ka qeybgalka siyaasadda Soomaaliya: caqabadaha iyo fursadaha

Soomaaliya waa dal ay dhallinyarada u badan tahay heerka tarankuna uu sarreeyo. Qiyaastii 70% dadku waxay ka yar yihiin 30 sano, in ka badan 60% dadku waxay ka yar yihiin 25 sano. Tirada badan ee dhallinyrada ah, waxay keentay in dhallinyarada da’da shaqada gaaray ay u dhibaatoodaan shaqo la’aan heerkeeda lagu qiyaaso 60%; Soomaaliyana ka dhigay mid kamid ah dalalka ugu sarreeya shaqo la’aanta adduunka. Read more

The Hirshabelle election conundrum

This October, the constitutional 4-year mandate of both Hirshabelle’s parliament and president ends. After their selection by clan elders, the Hirshabelle parliament was sworn in on 9th October 2016. The legislative assembly elected its speaker and deputy speakers on 13th October and later its president Ali Abdullahi Osoble and vice president Ali Abdullahi Hussein (Guudlaawe) on 17 October 2016. The winner, Ali Abdullahi Osoble, (61 votes of 98 legislators) defeated his challenger, Mohamed Abdi Waare, who received 36 votes. Read more

Jahwareerka doorasho ee Hirshabeelle

Bishan Oktoobar, waxaa dhammaanaya muddo-xileedka 4-ta sano ah  ee baarlamaanka iyo madaxweynaha Hirshabeelle. Kadib markii ay soo xuleen odayaasha beelaha, baarlamaanka Hirshabeelle waxaa la dhaariyay 9-kii Oktoobar 2016. 13-kii Oktoobar  ayaa la doortay guddoomiyaha iyo ku-xigeennada baarlamaanka. Sidoo kale baarlamaanka ayaa doortay madaxweyne Cali Cabdullaahi Cosoble iyo madaxweyne-ku-xigeenka Cali Cabdullaahi Xuseen (Guudlaawe) 17-kii Oktoobar 2016. Cali Cabdullaahi Cosoble, (oo ka haley 61 cod 98 xildhibaan) waxa uu ka guuleystay musharrixii la tartamayay, Maxamed Cabdi Waare, oo helay 36 cod. Read more

The ‘Electoral Constituency Caucuses’: Analysis of the new electoral model agreed in Dhusamareb

On Thursday, 20 August 2020, the president of Somalia, leaders of 3 federal member states (Galmudug, South West, and Hirshabelle), and the governor of Benadir region agreed and signed a new election model dubbed the Electoral Constituency Caucuses’. The agreement was reached after a series of talks held in Dhusamareb, the capital city of Galmudug. At the conclusion of the previous Dhusamareb (2) conference, a joint technical committee from the federal government and federal member states was proposed with the mandate to explore electoral models and present options to the leaders of the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and Federal Member States (FMS) in a third Dhusamareb meeting, which was slated for 15th August. After meetings in Mogadishu and Dhusamareb, the technical committee proposed 3 models, one of which the leaders had to settle on. Read more

Between direct election and 2016 indirect election for Somalia: A middle ground electoral model

Somalia’s federal and state leaders are currently in Dhusamareb discussing the upcoming 2020-21 federal elections. Dubbed Dhusamareb II, the President and Prime Minister of the Federal Government and presidents of Puntland, Jubaland, South West, Galmudug and Hirshabelle have held closed-door meetings on modalities of the election for a number of days. The Benadir governor is not attending the meeting. There are many delegates accompanying the federal and state leaders, but the deliberation is exclusive to the seven leaders. Read more

Direct election or ‘enhanced indirect’ election for Somalia? Analysis of the relevant regulations

On 7th June, the joint 17-member parliamentary committee tasked with the preparation of election regulations – which requires only parliamentary approval – submitted two draft regulations to the speakers of the two chambers of parliament for discussion. The first regulation, which consists of 5 chapters and 9 articles, defines the seat allocation, women’s quota, and representation of the Benadir region in the Upper House. The second regulation, which consists of 12 articles, defines the (s)election process of representatives for  Somaliland (or northern regions). Read more

Doorasho toos ah mise doorashadii dadbaneyd oo la hormariyey? Falanqeyn ku saabsan xeerarka doorashada

7-dii bishii Juun, guddiga baarlamaanka ee ka koobnaa 17-ka xubnood loona xilsaray diyaarinta xeerarka sharciga doorashooyinka waxa uu labo xeer u gudbiyey guddoonka labada aqal ee baarlamaanka si looga doodo loona ansixiyo. Xeerka koowaad oo ka kooban 5 cutub iyo 9 qodob waxa uu qeexayaa deegaan-doorashada kuraasta, qoondada dumarka, iyo metelaadda gobolka Benaadir. Xeerka labaad oo ka kooban 12 qodob waxa uu qeexayaa hannaanka doorasho ee xildhibaannada Soomaaliland (ama gobollada waqooyi). Read more

The impact of Covid-19 on the informal economy of Mogadishu

COVID-19 has become the most talked-about global threat of 2020 as it has affected the lives of millions of people across more than 188 countries and territories. The latest statistics show that so far, more than 6 million people have contracted the virus globally and the deaths of more than 370,000 people have been reported. Apart from the direct effect that it has on infected people, COVID-19 also has a huge impact on the global economy and people’s livelihoods, particularly the vulnerable whose lives are dependent on the small income they make out of their daily work.

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Saameynta COVID-19 ee dhaqaalaha Muqdisho

COVID-19 ayaa noqday khatarta loogu hadal heynta badan yahay sanadka 2020-ka ee dunida maadaama uu saameyn ku yeeshay nolosha malaayin dad ah oo ku kala nool in ka badan 188 wadan. Tirakoobkii ugu dambeeyay ayaa muujinaya in ilaa hadda in ka badan 6 milyan oo qofood uu ku dhacay fayraska guud ahaan caalamka, sidoo kale in ka badan 370,000 ayaa geeridooda lasoo weriyay. Marka laga reebo saameynta tooska ah ee ay ku yeelatay dadka cudurka qaba, COVID-19 sidoo kale wuxuu saameyn weyn ku yeeshay dhaqaalaha adduunka iyo hab nololeedka dadka, gaar ahaan kuwa nugul ee ay noloshoodu ku tiirsan tahay dakhliga yar oo ay ka helaan shaqooyinkooda maalinlaha ah. Read more