Review of the Proposed First Past The Post Electoral Model for Somalia

Somalia is in search of an electoral model for the scheduled 2020/21 political transition. An ad hoc 15-member parliamentary committee was mandated to review the National Electoral Bill (NEB) approved by the Council of Ministers. It submitted to the parliament a reviewed version of the NEB at a joint meeting by the two chambers of parliament on 27th November 2019. The Committee proposed a ‘First Past the Post System’ as an electoral model for Somalia. After deliberations, the House of the People of the Somali Federal Parliament approved the election bill on 28th December 2019, and the bill will go to the Upper House for review before a final ratification by the President. Read more

Falanqeyn Nidaamka Doorasho ee Horreeyaa Guuleysta

Soomaaliya waxay baadi goobeysaa hannaan doorasho ee doorashada 2020/21. Guddi baarlamaan oo ka kooban 15 xubnood ayaa loo xilsaaray in ay dib-u-eegis ku sameeyaan Hindise-sharciyeedka Doorashooyinka Qaranka  oo ay ansixiyeen Golaha Wasiirrada. Guddiga waxa uu u gudbiyey kulan wadajir ah oo ay isugu yimaadeen labada aqal ee baarlamaanka 27-kii Noofambar 2019 nuqul cusub oo ah dib-u-eegis ay ku sameeyeen Hinidise-sharciyeedka Doorshooyinka Qaranka. Guddigu waxa uu soo jeediyey nidaamka doorasho ee ‘Horreeyaa Guuleysta’. Dood baarlamaan kadib, Golaha Shacabka ee Baarlamaanka ayaa ansixiyey sharciga 28-kii Diseembar 2019, waxana uu sharciga sugayaa ansixinta Aqalka Sare iyo saxiixa madaxweynaha. Read more

Harmonizing the legislative framework for elections in Somalia

For the first time in 50 years, national one person one vote national elections are expected to happen in Somalia. Three interrelated pieces of legislation guide the national elections namely the Provisional Constitution, the National Electoral Bill (NEB) and the Political Parties Law. Each of these three laws has hitherto been under review. The National Electoral Bill and the proposed amendments of the Political Parties Law are under parliamentary review while an independent and parliamentary committee is reviewing the Provisional Constitution. Read more

Is-waafajinta sharciyada la xiriira doorashooyinka Soomaaliya

Markii ugu horreysay muddo 50 sanno kadib ah, doorashooyin qaran oo qof iyo cod ah ayaa la qorsheynayaa in ay ka dhacaan Soomaaliya. Saddex sharci ayaa haga doorashooyinka qaranka kuwaasoo kala ah Dastuurka Kumeelgaarka ah, Hindise-sharciyeedka Doorashooyinka Qaranka, iyo Sharciga Xisbiyada Siyaasadda oo ay dhammaantood dib-u-eegis ku socoto. Hindise-sharciyeedka Doorashooyinka Qaran iyo Sharciga Xisbiyada Siyaasadda ee wax-ka-beddelka lagu sameeyay ayaa ku jira dib-u-eegis baarlamaan, halka guddi madax-bannaan iyo guddi xildhibaanno ah ay dib-u-eegayaan Dastuurka Kumeelgaarka ah. Read more

Divided loyalties? Dual citizenship and high-ranking political office in Somalia

On 1stAugust 2019, Somali President, Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed ‘Farmaajo’ renounced his American citizenship. In a press release, the President stated that he “voluntarily filed for the renunciation” even though Somalia’s Provisional Constitution allows for dual citizenship. The press release also noted that the decision was reached after the completion of legal and immigration processes that had been started when Farmaajo was elected as Somalia President in 2017. Read more

Daacadnimo qeybsan? Labada jinsiyadood iyo xafiisyada siyaasadda sarsare ee Soomaaliya

1-dii Agoosto 2019, Madaxweynaha Soomaaliya Maxamed Cabdullaahi Maxamed ‘Farmaajo’ ayaa dib uga laabtey muwaadinnimadiisa Mareykanka. War-saxaafadeed ayuu Madaxweynuhu ku sheegay in “si iskiis ah uu uga laabtay” jinsiyaddiisa labaad inkastoo Dastuurka Kumeelgaarka ah ee Soomaaliya uu oggolaanayo labada muwaadinnimo. War-saxaafadeedka ayaa sidoo kale lagu sheegay in go’aanka la gaaray kadib markii la dhameystiray habraaca sharciga iyo socdaalka oo soo bilowday markii Farmaajo loo doortay Madweynaha Soomaaliya sanadkii 2017. Read more

The problems of fused parliament-cabinet membership in Somalia

Separation of powers (trias politica) is a fundamental principle for modern states, and is devised to equally distribute responsibilities and authorities among government organs. It is used to serve as guarantee that no arm of government overpowers another arm and, as result, provides checks and balances. Read more

Dhibaatooyinka isku milanka xubnaha baarlamaaka iyo golaha wasiirrada Soomaaliya

Kala saaridda awoodaha waxa ay gundhig u tahay dowladaha casriga ah, waana hannaan si siman awoodaha ugu qeybinayo laamaha dowladda. Waxa uu damaanad qaadayaa in laan kamid ah dowladda aanay ka awood badinin laan kale, waxana uu keenayaa isku dheelitirnaan awoodeed iyo isla xisaabtan. Read more

Review of Somalia’s 2019 budget for judiciary institutions, public services and economic development

On the last day of December 2018, the Somali Federal Parliament’s House of the People approved the 2019 federal government budget prepared by the Ministry of Finance. The total budget appropriated for the 2019 fiscal year is $344 million. This is a $70 million increase on last year’s $274 million fiscal budget. It is significant compared to past increases: the 2018 budget was only $14 million higher than 2017’s $260 million budget. Read more

Falanqeyn miisaaniyadda sanadka 2019 loo qorsheeyay hay’adaha garsoorka, adeegyada bulshada iyo horumarinta dhaqaalaha Soomaaliya

Maalintii ugu dambeysay ee sanadkii 2018, Golaha Shacabka ee Baarlamaanka Federaalka Soomaaliya ayaa ansixiyay miisaaniyadda sanadka 2019 ee dowladda federaalka oo ay soo diyaarisay Wasaaradda Maaliyadda. Wadarta guud ee miisaaniyadda sanadka 2019 ayaa ah $344 malyan. Waxa ay $70 malyan ka badan tahay miisaaniyaddii sanadkii hore oo ahayd $274 malyan. Waa koror badan marka la barbar dhigo sanadihii hore: miisaaniyaddii sanadkii 2018-ka waxa ay $14 malyan oo kaliya ka badnayd miisaaniyaddii 2017 oo ahayd $260 malyan. Read more